Wisdom of Solomon 12:12


10 But judging them little by little you gave them an opportunity to repent, though you were not unaware that their origin was evil and their wickedness inborn, and that their way of thinking would never change. 11 For they were an accursed race from the beginning, and it was not through fear of anyone that you left them unpunished for their sins. 12 For who will say, "What have you done?" or will resist your judgment? Who will accuse you for the destruction of nations that you made? Or who will come before you to plead as an advocate for the unrighteous? 13 For neither is there any god besides you, whose care is for all people, to whom you should prove that you have not judged unjustly; 14 nor can any king or monarch confront you about those whom you have punished.

Romans 9:19

New Testament

17 For the scripture says to Pharaoh: “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may demonstrate my power in you, and that my name may be proclaimed in all the earth.” 18 So then, God has mercy on whom he chooses to have mercy, and he hardens whom he chooses to harden. 19 You will say to me then, “Why does he still find fault? For who has ever resisted his will?” 20 But who indeed are you—a mere human being—to talk back to God? Does what is molded say to the molder, “Why have you made me like this?” 21 Has the potter no right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special use and another for ordinary use? 22 But what if God, willing to demonstrate his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience the objects of wrath prepared for destruction?

 Notes and References

"... According to Grafe, the most conspicuous points of contact between Wisdom and Romans are the polemics against false worship in Wisdom 13.1–9 and Romans 1.18–32 and the pattern of predestination in Wisdom 12–15 and Romans 9.19–23. In his opinion, these parallels, together with several other notable correspondences, force the conclusion that it is ‘mindestens höchst wahrscheinlich’ that Paul knew and used Wisdom. a few years later, in acknowledged agreement with Grafe, Sanday and Headlam considered the ‘resemblances’ between Romans 1.18–32 and Wisdom 13, as well as the topical overlap and similar ‘drift of the argument’ in Romans 9–11 and Wisdom 10–19, and argued that ‘while there can be no question of direct quotation’, it appears that ‘St. Paul must have bestowed upon the Book of Wisdom a considerable amount of study’ and that between Romans and Wisdom there is ‘some definite literary obligation’ ..."

Linebaugh, Jonathan A. God, Grace, and Righteousness in Wisdom of Solomon and Paul’s Letter to the Romans: Texts in Conversation (pp. 13-18) Brill, 2013

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.