Tobit 4:19


16 Give some of your food to the hungry, and some of your clothing to the naked. Give all your surplus as alms, and do not let your eye begrudge your giving of alms. 17 Place your bread on the grave of the righteous, but give none to sinners. 18 Seek advice from every wise person and do not despise any useful counsel. 19 At all times bless the Lord God, and ask him that your ways may be made straight and that all your paths and plans may prosper. For none of the nations has understanding, but the Lord himself will give them good counsel; but if he chooses otherwise, he casts down to deepest Hades. So now, my child, remember these commandments, and do not let them be erased from your heart. 20 "And now, my son, let me explain to you that I left ten talents of silver in trust with Gabael son of Gabrias, at Rages in Media. 21 Do not be afraid, my son, because we have become poor. You have great wealth if you fear God and flee from every sin and do what is good in the sight of the Lord your God."

Romans 9:18

New Testament

17 For the scripture says to Pharaoh: “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may demonstrate my power in you, and that my name may be proclaimed in all the earth.” 18 So then, God has mercy on whom he chooses to have mercy, and he hardens whom he chooses to harden. 19 You will say to me then, “Why does he still find fault? For who has ever resisted his will?” 20 But who indeed are you—a mere human being—to talk back to God? Does what is molded say to the molder, “Why have you made me like this?” 21 Has the potter no right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special use and another for ordinary use? 22 But what if God, willing to demonstrate his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience the objects of wrath prepared for destruction?

 Notes and References

"... In Tobit 4:9 Tobit clearly refers to the doctrine of Israel's election when he affirms that God has total freedom of choice in granting good counsel only to Israel, for he alone has the power to lift up as he wills and to cast down as be wills. This affirmation reflects what we find in Daniel 2:21, both in the MT Aramaic and essentially in the two Greek forms of the book ... 'And he himself changes the seasons and times; he sets up kings and removes them, giving wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who understand' (my translation). In Romans 9:1-29 Paul emphasizes that the word of God has not failed but indeed remains operative because of Israel's election ..."

Di Lella, Alexander A. Tobit 4,19 and Romans 9,18: An Intertextual Study (pp. 260-263) Biblica, Vol. 90, No. 2, 2009

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