Romans 9:23

New Testament

20 But who indeed are you—a mere human being—to talk back to God? Does what is molded say to the molder, “Why have you made me like this?” 21 Has the potter no right to make from the same lump of clay one vessel for special use and another for ordinary use? 22 But what if God, willing to demonstrate his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience the objects of wrath prepared for destruction? 23 And what if he is willing to make known the wealth of his glory on the objects of mercy that he has prepared beforehand for glory24 even us, whom he has called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles? 25 As he also says in Hosea:“I will call those who were not my people, ‘My people,’ and I will call her who was unloved, ‘My beloved.’” Source

Date: 55-58 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

4 Ezra 7:42

Pseudepigrapha (2 Esdras)

38 serve, and whose commandment you have despised. Look on this side, then on that: here are rest and delight, there fire and torments.” 39 That is what he will say to them on the day of judgment. 40 ‘That day will be a day without sun, moon, or stars; without cloud, thunder, or lightning; wind, water, or air; darkness, evening, or morning; 41 without summer, spring, or winter; without heat, frost, or cold; without hail, rain, or dew; 42 without noonday, night, or dawn; without brightness, glow, or light. There shall be only the radiant glory of the Most High, by which all men will see everything determined for them. 43 It shall last as it were for a week of years. 44 Such is the order that I have appointed for the Judgment. I have given this revelation to you alone.’ Source

Date: 70-100 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Hogan, Karina M. "The Apocalyptic Eschatology of Romans" The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testamenmt Thought, edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck (pp. 171-173) Fortress Press, 2017

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

Hogan, Karina M. "The Apocalyptic Eschatology of Romans" The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testamenmt Thought, edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck (pp. 171-173) Fortress Press, 2017

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.