Romans 8:20

New Testament

18 For I consider that our present sufferings cannot even be compared to the coming glory that will be revealed to us. 19 For the creation eagerly waits for the revelation of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility—not willingly but because of God who subjected it—in hope 21 that the creation itself will also be set free from the bondage of decay into the glorious freedom of God’s children. 22 For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers together until now. Source

Date: 55-58 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

4 Ezra 7:11

Pseudepigrapha (2 Esdras)

9 If some man has been given this city as a legacy, how can he take possession of his inheritance except by passing through these dangerous approaches?’ 10 ‘That is the only way, my lord’, I agreed. He said to me: ‘Such is the lot of Israel. 11 It was for Israel that I made the world, and when Adam transgressed my decrees the creation came under judgment. 12 The entrances to this world were made narrow, painful, and arduous, few and evil, full of perils and grinding hardship. 13 But the entrances to the greater world are broad and safe, and lead to immortality. Source

Date: 70-100 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... What is noticeable here is the double allusion. First, creation subjected to futility no doubt alludes to the curse put upon the created order in consequence of Adam's sin in Gen 3:17-18: 'cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you ....' This too may well have been an insight he drew from his deep rootage in Jewish reflection, if 4 Ezra 7:11 is anything to go by..."

Dunn, James D. G. "Adam in Paul" in Oegema, Gerbern S., et al., editors. The Pseudepigrapha and Christian Origins: Essays from the Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas (pp. 130-131) T&T Clark International, 2008

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... What is noticeable here is the double allusion. First, creation subjected to futility no doubt alludes to the curse put upon the created order in consequence of Adam's sin in Gen 3:17-18: 'cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you ....' This too may well have been an insight he drew from his deep rootage in Jewish reflection, if 4 Ezra 7:11 is anything to go by..."

Dunn, James D. G. "Adam in Paul" in Oegema, Gerbern S., et al., editors. The Pseudepigrapha and Christian Origins: Essays from the Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas (pp. 130-131) T&T Clark International, 2008

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.