20 For since the creation of the world his invisible attributes—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen because they are understood through what has been made. So people are without excuse. 21 For although they knew God, they did not glorify him as God or give him thanks, but they became futile in their thoughts, and their senseless hearts were darkened. 22 Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for an image resembling mortal human beings or birds or four-footed animals or reptiles. 24 Therefore God gave them over in the desires of their hearts to impurity, to dishonor their bodies among themselves. 25 They exchanged the truth of God for a lie and worshiped and served the creation rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen.
4 Ezra 7:212 Esdras
20 Better that many now living should be lost, than that the law God has set before them should be despised! 21 God has given clear instructions for all men when they come into this world, telling them how to attain life and how to escape punishment. 22 But the ungodly have refused to obey him; they have set up their own empty ideas, 23 and planned deceit and wickedness; they have even denied the existence of the Most High and have not acknowledged his ways. 24 They have rejected his law and refused his promises, have neither put faith in his decrees nor done what he commands.
Notes and References
"... Paul’s argument about the culpability of all human beings resembles the universal claims made by the angel Uriel in 4 Ezra 7:21–23 ... Similarly, 2 Baruch condemns all humankind for failing to acknowledge God’s law: “Because every one of the inhabitants of the earth knew when he acted unjustly, but my Torah they did not know because of their pride” (48:40; cf. 4 Ezra 7:72) ..."
Hogan, Karina M. "The Apocalyptic Eschatology of Romans" in Stuckenbruck, Loren T. (ed.) The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testament Thought (pp. 155-174) Fortress Press, 2017
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