Matthew 6:13

New Testament

9 So pray this way: “Our Father in heaven, may your name be honored, 10 may your kingdom come, may your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. 11 Give us today our daily bread, 12 and forgive us our debts, as we ourselves have forgiven our debtors. 13 And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. 14 “For if you forgive others their sins, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. 15 But if you do not forgive others, your Father will not forgive you your sins.

Berakhot 60b

Babylonian Talmud

The Gemara proceeds to cite additional blessings recited as part of one’s daily routine. One who enters to sleep on his bed recites Shema in his bed from Shema Yisrael to VeHaya Im Shamoa. Then he recites: Blessed…Who makes the bands of sleep fall upon my eyes and slumber upon my eyelids, and illuminates the pupil of the eye. May it be Your will, O Lord my God, that You make me lie down in peace and give me my portion in Your Torah, accustom me to mitzvot and do not accustom me to transgression, lead me not into error, nor into iniquity, nor into temptation nor into disgrace. May the good inclination have dominion over me and may the evil inclination not have dominion over me. Save me from an evil mishap and evil diseases. Let neither bad dreams nor troubling thoughts disturb me. May my bed be flawless before You, that my progeny should not be flawed. Enlighten my eyes in the morning lest I sleep the sleep of death, never to awaken. Blessed are You, O Lord, Who gives light to the whole world in His glory.

 Notes and References

"... Many authors, especially those subscribing to the eschatological orientation of the Lord’s Prayer, point out the striking resemblance of “Father, hallowed be your name, Your kingdom come” (Luke 11:2 / Matthew 6:9) with the Kaddish: 'Magnified and sanctified be his great name in the world that he has created according to his will. May he establish his kingdom in your lifetime and in your days and in the lifetime of all the house of Israel, even speedily and at a near time.' Again, the petition, “lead us not into temptation”, in Luke 1:4 and Matthew 6:13 has a parallel in b. Berakhot 60b that reads: “Lead us not into sin or iniquity or testing or contempt”. Though Jewish elements continued to exert an influence on the shape of Christian prayers, the themes gradually became more Christ-centered ..."

Dacy, Marianne The Jewish Influence On Early Christian Liturgy (pp. 1-5) Society for the Study of Early Christianity, 2013

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.