Leviticus 19:18

Hebrew Bible

16 You must not go about as a slanderer among your people. You must not stand idly by when your neighbor’s life is at stake. I am the Lord. 17 You must not hate your brother in your heart. You must surely reprove your fellow citizen so that you do not incur sin on account of him. 18 You must not take vengeance or bear a grudge against any of your people, but you must love your neighbor as yourself. I am the Lord. 19 You must keep my statutes. You must not allow two different kinds of your animals to breed together, you must not sow your field with two different kinds of seed, and you must not wear a garment made of two different kinds of material.

Romans 12:17

New Testament

15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep. 16 Live in harmony with one another; do not be haughty but associate with the lowly. Do not be conceited. 17 Do not repay anyone evil for evil; consider what is good before all people. 18 If possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all people. 19 Do not avenge yourselves, dear friends, but give place to God’s wrath, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.

 Notes and References

"... For expressions elsewhere with the phrasing “repayment,” see 1 Enoch 95:5; 2 Enoch 50:2–4; Joseph and Aseneth 23:9; 28:5, 10, 14; 29:3; Romans 12:17–21; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; with the phrasing “not imitating evil,” see Pseudo-Phocylides 77–78; with the phrasing “not taking vengeance” (Leviticus 19:18), see, e.g., Sirach 27:30–28:7; Testament of Gad 6:7; with the phrasing “not recalling evil,” see Philo, on Joseph 246, 261; Testament of Simeon 4:4–7; Testament of Zebulon 8:4–6; for the phrasing “not reckoning evil,” see Testament of Zebulon 8:5; Testament of Benjamin 3:6; for the response of “good,” see Testament of Gad 4:2–3; 5:2–3; Testament of Benjamin 8:1–2; Ahiqar, Syriac A, 20; for the warrant of deferring to God’s justice, see Sirach 19:17; Testament of Gad 6:7; 7:4–5; Joseph and Aseneth 28:10–11, 14; 2 Enoch 50:2–4 ... Some, not all, of these are applied universally to all people ..."

Zerbe, Gordon M. "Economic Justice and Nonretaliation in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Implications for New Testament Interpretation" in Charlesworth, James H. (ed.) The Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls: The Second Princeton Symposium on Judaism and Christian Origins (pp. 319-355) Baylor University Press, 2006

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