Wisdom of Solomon 2:24


21 Thus they reasoned, but they were led astray, for their wickedness blinded them, 22 and they did not know the secret purposes of God, nor hoped for the wages of holiness, nor discerned the prize for blameless souls; 23 for God created us for incorruption, and made us in the image of his own eternity, 24 but through the devil's envy death entered the world, and those who belong to his company experience it.

1 Clement 3:4

First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians

1 All glory and enlargement was given unto you, and that was fulfilled which is written My beloved ate and drank and was enlarged and waxed fat and kicked. 2 Hence come jealousy and envy, strife and sedition, persecution and tumult, war and captivity. 3 So men were stirred up, the mean against the honorable, the ill reputed against the highly reputed, the foolish against the wise, the young against the elder. 4 For this cause righteousness and peace stand aloof, while each man hath forsaken the fear of the Lord and become purblind in the faith of Him, neither walketh in the ordinances of His commandment nor liveth according to that which becometh Christ, but each goes after the lusts of his evil heart, seeing that they have conceived an unrighteous and ungodly jealousy, through which also death entered into the world.

 Notes and References

"... Although neither satanas nor diabolos appear in 1 Clement, there is clear evidence for him understanding diabolos with a human referent, in a passage which quotes Wisdom of Solomon ... Here is evidence for Clement's hamartiology; like James, he attributes sin to the lusts of the evil heart. Reference to the entry of death into the world is a quotation from Wisdom of Solomon (2:24), where death's entry is attributed to the envy of the diabolos. Clement interprets the diabolos here as a reference to Cain, which many scholars believe is the meaning intended ..."

Burke, Jon Then the Devil Left: Satan’s Lack of Presence in the Apostolic Fathers (pp. 1-50) Monash University, 2015

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