Jonathan Isaiah 59:19


16 And it is revealed in His sight that there is no man who hath good works, and it is known to Him that there is no man, who would arise and seek after them: therefore He will redeem them by the arm of His strength, and by the Word of His delight He will help them. 17 It is revealed, that He will work a great salvation for His people, yea, He will render vengeance to His enemies. 18 He is the Lord of retributions. He shall render recompense: vengeance to His enemies, retribution to His adversaries; He shall render recompense to the islands. 19 They shall fear the name of the Lord from the west, and His glory from the rising of the sun. When the oppressors shall come in like an inundation of the river Euphrates, they shall be broken by the Word of the Lord. 20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and turn the transgressors of the house of Jacob to the law, saith the Lord.

Revelation 19:13

New Testament

11 Then I saw heaven opened and here came a white horse! The one riding it was called “Faithful” and “True,” and with justice he judges and goes to war. 12 His eyes are like a fiery flame and there are many diadem crowns on his head. He has a name written that no one knows except himself. 13 He is dressed in clothing dipped in blood, and he is called the Word of God. 14 The armies that are in heaven, dressed in white, clean, fine linen, were following him on white horses. 15 From his mouth extends a sharp sword so that with it he can strike the nations. He will rule them with an iron rod, and he stomps the winepress of the furious wrath of God, the All-Powerful. 16 He has a name written on his clothing and on his thigh: “King of kings and Lord of lords.”

 Notes and References

"... We see in this passage that while the Masoretic Text stresses that God acts alone as warrior, in the Targum he acts through his Word, a feature that we also noted in connection with the theme of creation in Isaiah 44:24. Again one might object that ‘the Memra of my pleasure’ could or should be taken literally, as God’s decree through which he accomplishes his good pleasure. But again we note that in any proposal of a background for the Logos title, John is not considered bound to use his source material without adaptation. By saying that the name of the warrior is ‘the Word of God,’ which infers the Tetragrammaton, John makes it clear that the warrior of Revelation 19 is YHWH, not merely a personification of God’s decree ... One need not go to Gen 49:11 in the Palestinian Targums therefore to explain Rev 19:11, ‘in righteousness he judges and makes war.’ Targum Isaiah 59:17 says, ‘strength and salvation he will bring by his Memra to those who fear him’ (MT, ‘[he put] a helmet of salvation on his head’); Targum Isaiah 59:19 says ‘by the Memra of the LORD they shall be plundered’ (MT, ‘[He will come like a rushing stream], which the wind of the LORD drives on’), where ‘the Memra of the LORD’ agrees with the name ‘the Word of God’ of Rev 19:13 ..."

Ronning, John L. The Targum of Isaiah and the Johannine Literature (pp. 247-278) Westminster Theological Journal No. 69, 2007

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