Sirach 4:4

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

2 Do not grieve the hungry, or anger one in need. 3 Do not add to the troubles of the desperate, or delay giving to the needy. 4 Do not reject a suppliant in distress, or turn your face away from the poor. 5 Do not avert your eye from the needy, and give no one reason to curse you; 6 for if in bitterness of soul some should curse you, their Creator will hear their prayer.

Matthew 5:42

New Testament

40 And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your coat also. 41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two. 42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not reject the one who wants to borrow from you. 43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor’ and ‘hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, love your enemy and pray for those who persecute you,

 Notes and References

"... Some theologians have argued that since certain sections of the NT do not articulate distinctions regarding the nature of the poor, it is therefore God's intent that such delineation be avoided. Nevertheless the semantic and contextual identification of the poor in the NT provides a significant level of detail concerning the plight of those it identifies as among the poor. The clarification of this domain will be pursued below ... The terms for identifying poverty are (impoverishment or need) along with additional cognates for need. The term refers, in common Greek usage, to those who are completely dependant on others for their survival-such are variously known as paupers, mendicants or beggars. These destitute were the natural recipients of alms. By contrast, the latter commonly refers to those that are relatively poor and live 'from hand to mouth' while earning 'a bare and scant livelihood.' While this differentiation has been somewhat obscured in the Septuagint translation of the OT terms for poor, it remains in effect in other contemporaneous material such as the Greek translation of Sirach. (Note, for example, Sirach 4:1-3. The Greek translation of Sirach is thought to herald from approximately 132 BC) The NT is recognized to follow the OT conceptual usage -in contrast to the LXX -in affirming that it represents the poor who have 'nothing to bring' either materially or spiritually (when employed in the metaphorical sense) ..."

Hron, Ondrej Hamartiological Heuristics as a Hermeneutical Key to Justice, Mercy and the Moral Treatment of the Poor in the New Testament (pp. 56-58) Charles University in Prague, 2008

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