Sirach 25:8

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

1 I take pleasure in three things, and they are beautiful in the sight of God and of mortals: agreement among brothers and sisters, friendship among neighbors, and a wife and a husband who live in harmony. 2 I hate three kinds of people, and I loathe their manner of life: a pauper who boasts, a rich person who lies, and an old fool who commits adultery. 3 If you gathered nothing in your youth, how can you find anything in your old age? 4 How attractive is sound judgment in the gray-haired, and for the aged to possess good counsel! 5 How attractive is wisdom in the aged, and understanding and counsel in the venerable! 6 Rich experience is the crown of the aged, and their boast is the fear of the Lord. 7 I can think of nine whom I would call blessed, and a tenth my tongue proclaims: a man who can rejoice in his children; a man who lives to see the downfall of his foes. 8 Happy the man who lives with a sensible wife, and the one who does not plow with ox and ass together. Happy is the one who does not sin with the tongue, and the one who has not served an inferior. 9 Happy is the one who finds a friend, and the one who speaks to attentive listeners. 10 How great is the one who finds wisdom! But none is superior to the one who fears the Lord. 11 Fear of the Lord surpasses everything; to whom can we compare the one who has it? 13 Any wound, but not a wound of the heart! Any wickedness, but not the wickedness of a woman! 14 Any suffering, but not suffering from those who hate! And any vengeance, but not the vengeance of enemies! 15 There is no venom worse than a snake's venom, and no anger worse than a woman's wrath. 16 I would rather live with a lion and a dragon than live with an evil woman.

Date: 195-175 B.C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates
New Testament

Matthew 5:3

1 When he saw the crowds, he went up the mountain. After he sat down his disciples came to him. 2 Then he began to teach them by saying: 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. 5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. 6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be satisfied. 7 Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. 9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called the children of God. 10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 11 Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you and say all kinds of evil things about you falsely on account of me. 12 Rejoice and be glad because your reward is great in heaven, for they persecuted the prophets before you in the same way. 13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if salt loses its flavor, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled on by people! 14 You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 People do not light a lamp and put it under a basket but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all in the house. 16 In the same way, let your light shine before people, so that they can see your good deeds and give honor to your Father in heaven.

Date: 70-90 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates