Romans 5:12

New Testament

10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, how much more, since we have been reconciled, will we be saved by his life? 11 Not only this, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received this reconciliation. 12 So then, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all people because all sinned 13 for before the law was given, sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin when there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam until Moses even over those who did not sin in the same way that Adam (who is a type of the coming one) transgressed.

2 Baruch 54:19

Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch

17 But now, as for you, ye wicked that now are, turn ye to destruction, because ye shall speedily be visited, in that formerly ye rejected the understanding of the Most High. 18 For His works have not taught you, Nor has the skill of His creation which is at all times persuaded you.] 19 Adam is therefore not the cause, save only of his own soul, But each of us has been the Adam of his own soul. 20 But do Thou, O Lord, expound to me regarding those things which Thou hast revealed to me, And inform me regarding that which I besought Thee.

 Notes and References

"... While Paul is interested in the similarities between Adam and Christ, he is even more interested in the different results or effects that they have brought upon us all. His fundamental point is stated in Romans 5:15: “But the free gift is not like the trespass.” That is, the positive effects of Jesus’ saving death and resurrection far outweigh the negative effects of Adam’s sin. According to Paul, Adam’s sin brought disobedience, sin, condemnation, and death upon humankind, whereas Christ’s sacrificial fidelity opened up the possibility of obedience, righteousness, justification/acquittal, and eternal life. The result of Adam’s sin was the reign of Sin, Death, and the Law. The result of Christ’s saving death and resurrection is the reign of grace (divine favor) and eternal life. This is typology with a twist. For Paul, Adam is like Christ and thus foreshadows Christ as the bearer of a fate or destiny. But even more important for Paul is how Adam is unlike Christ, when one compares the results or effects of what each one has done. Paul’s negative assessment of Adam and the effects of his sin is echoed in the late first century A.D. Jewish apocalypse known as Syriac or Second Baruch 54:19: “Each of us have become our own Adam.” ..."

Harrington, Daniel J. Paul’s Use of the Old Testament in Romans (pp. 1-8) Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations, Vol. 4, 2009

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