Romans 13:10

New Testament

8 Owe no one anything, except to love one another, for the one who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. 9 For the commandments, “Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not covet,” (and if there is any other commandment) are summed up in this, “Love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love does no wrong to a neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. 11 And do this because we know the time, that it is already the hour for us to awake from sleep, for our salvation is now nearer than when we became believers. 12 The night has advanced toward dawn; the day is near. So then we must lay aside the works of darkness, and put on the weapons of light.

Sifre Deuteronomy 41

Halakhic Midrash

What is the intent of (Song of Songs, Ibid.) "Your nose is like the tower of Levanon which looks towards Damascus"? If you have studied the Torah, hope for (i.e., anticipate the arrival of) Eliyahu, whom I told (I Kings 19:15) "Go, return on your way, to the desert of Damascus." And it is written (Malachi 3:22-24) "Remember the Torah of Moses, My servant, which I commanded you in Chorev for all of Israel, statues and judgments. Behold, I am sending you Eliyahu the prophet before the coming of the day of the L-rd, and he will turn back (to the L-rd) the hearts of fathers with (their) sons, and the heart of sons with their fathers" — this being the purport of "which I command you this day." (Devarim, Ibid. 13) "to love the L-rd your G-d": Lest you say: I shall learn Torah to be rich, to be called Rebbi, to receive reward in the world to come — it is, therefore, written "to love the L-rd your G-d." All that you do shall be out of love alone.

 Notes and References

"... Yeshua said that all the Torah and the Prophets depend on two commandments — loving God, as commanded in the Shema (Deuteronomy 6:5), and loving one's neighbor as oneself (Leviticus 19:18); see Mk 12:28-34. [Paul] quotes four of the five commandments in the "Second Table" of the Law, those which concern behavior toward other people; Yeshua did the same (Mt 19:16-20). Rabbi Chiyya equated Leviticus 19:18 with one of the "Second Table" commandments, the prohibition against coveting (Leviticus Rabbah 24:5); likewise Rabbi Akiva recognized Leviticus 19:18 as a great principle of Torah (Genesis Rabbah 24:7). [Paul's] point in these verses is not to abrogate specific commands but to show that the principle of loving one's neighbor, which is the pervading theme of everything from 12:9 till here, must underlie all halakhic applications and will, when appropriated by the power of the Holy Spirt lead to right behavior in daily life. This is how love is the fullness of Torah—not by superseding it, but through being the beginning, the end and the motivating force at work in it ..."

Stern, David H. Jewish New Testament Commentary (pp. 429-430) Jewish New Testament Publications, 1994

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