12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne. Then books were opened, and another book was opened—the book of life. So the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each one was judged according to his deeds. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death—the lake of fire. 15 If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, that person was thrown into the lake of fire.
4 Ezra 8:532 Esdras
52 For all of you, paradise lies open, the tree of life is planted, the age to come is made ready, and rich abundance is in store; the city is already built, rest from toil is assured, goodness and wisdom are brought to perfection. 53 The root of evil has been sealed off from you; for you there is no more illness, death is abolished, hell has fled, and decay is quite forgotten. 54 All sorrows are at an end, and the treasure of immortality has been finally revealed, 55 Ask no more questions, therefore, about the many who are lost. 56 For they were given freedom and used it to despise the Most High, to treat his law with contempt and abandon his ways.
Notes and References
"... "the idea of Christ's defeat of the powers of Hades is sufficiently explained from the Jewish apocalyptic expectation that at the last day God would 'reprove the angel of death' (2 Bar 42:8), command Sheol to release the souls of the dead (2 Bar 42:8), abolish death (LAB 3:10), close the mouth of Sheol (LAB 3:10) or seal it up (2 Bar 21:23; cf. TeachSilv 103:6-7). In the expectation of resurrection there was a sense of death and its realm as a power which had to be broken by God (cf. also Matt 16:18; 1 Cor 15:44-45; Rev 20:14; 4 Ezra 8:53). These ideas were transferred to the context of Christ's descent to Hades because of the early Christian belief that Christ's death and resurrection were the eschatological triumph of God over death. The details, as we have seen, derived from that process of Christological exegesis of the Old Testament which supplied so much of the phraseology and imagery of early Christian belief ..."
Bauckham, Richard The Fate of the Dead: Studies on the Jewish and Christian Apocalypses (p. 43) Brill, 1998
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