Psalm 22:1

Hebrew Bible

1 For the music director, according to the tune “Morning Doe”; a psalm of David. My God, my God, why have you abandoned me? I groan in prayer, but help seems far away. 2 My God, I cry out during the day, but you do not answer, and during the night my prayers do not let up. 3 You are holy; you sit as king receiving the praises of Israel. 4 In you our ancestors trusted; they trusted in you and you rescued them.

Mark 15:33

New Testament

32 Now when it was noon, darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon. 33 Around three o’clock Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? 34 When some of the bystanders heard it they said, “Listen, he is calling for Elijah!” 35 Then someone ran, filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a stick, and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Leave him alone! Let’s see if Elijah will come to take him down!”

 Notes and References

"... The first example concerns the cry of dereliction in Mark’s gospel, which draws upon the text of Ps. 22.2. In her study of Mk 15.34, Carey argues that the author evokes the whole context of the Psalm. Carey seeks to establish the case that the citation of Ps. 22.2 in Mk 15.34 would have evoked a contextual recollection of the whole Psalm, not just for the author, instead more significantly for ‘Mark’s earliest implied readers’ ... this so-called cry of dereliction, however, may be viewed as a cause of theological discomfort in some quarters. The starkness of the saying, with Jesus declaring himself to be God-forsaken, while powerfully attesting to the reality of his human nature, may raise more difficult questions concerning Jesus’ sense of doubt ... one may ask the simple but nonetheless relevant question, if Mark wished to depict this as a scene of future vindication why did he not cite the part of the psalm that spoke of vindication? ..."

Foster, P. Echoes without Refernce: Critiquing Certain Aspects of Recent Scholarly Trends in the Study of the Jewish Scriptures in the New Testament (pp. 96-111) Journal for the Study of the New Testament, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2015

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