Psalm 118:26

Hebrew Bible

24 This is the day the Lord has brought about. We will be happy and rejoice in it. 25 Please, Lord, deliver! Please, Lord, grant us success! 26 May the one who comes in the name of the Lord be blessed. We will pronounce blessings on you in the Lord’s temple. 27 The Lord is God, and he has delivered us. Tie the offering with ropes to the horns of the altar. 28 You are my God, and I will give you thanks.You are my God and I will praise you.

John 12:13

New Testament

11 for on account of him many of the Jewish people from Jerusalem were going away and believing in Jesus. 12 The next day the large crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem. 13 So they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him. They began to shout, “Hosanna! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the king of Israel!” 14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, just as it is written, 15 “Do not be afraid, people of Zion; look, your king is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt!”

 Notes and References

"... In the Temple, if we can read our Jewish sources without regard to time frames, Hosanna hymns were recited on Sukkot, in the Fall, while holding the items commanded by Leviticus 23:40. John 12:13 explicitly refers to the palm branches. The word Hoshanna [“O’ save us”] in Psalm 118:25 came to refer to the shaking of the palm and willow branches. They were reportedly held in the hand together with myrtle branches and a citron fruit while Psalm 118:25 was sung in the Temple. The symbolism of the Sukkot species and the hymns woven about them continue to excite the poetics of Jewish ritual to the present day and a massive collection of Hosanna hymns has been preserved. The precise festival day is of no import in my view as the Jesus Entrance Procession is removed from real time narrative and reflects a distant future when the messiah will arrive in Jerusalem. The last arrival of Jesus at the Temple is the best location for the scene, whatever day it happens to be. The Passover setting is not relevant to the Entrance scene—but it is relevant to the Last Supper scene ..."

Basser, Herbert W. "Planting Christian Trees in Jewish Soil" in Avery-Peck, Alan J., and Jacob Neusner (eds.) Judaism and Christianity: New Directions for Dialogue and Understanding (pp. 61-82) Brill, 2009

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