Matthew 6:9

New Testament

7 When you pray, do not babble repetitiously like the Gentiles because they think that by their many words they will be heard. 8 Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. 9 So pray this way: “Our Father in heaven, may your name be honored, 10 may your kingdom come, may your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. 11 Give us today our daily bread, 12 and forgive us our debts, as we ourselves have forgiven our debtors.

Mishnah Sotah 9


Rabbi Eliezer the Great says: From the day the Second Temple was destroyed, the generations have deteriorated: Scholars have begun to become like scribes that teach children, and scribes have become like beadles, and beadles have become like ignoramuses, and ignoramuses are increasingly diminished, and none ask and none seek. Upon whom is there to rely? Only upon our Father in Heaven. He also said: In the times of the approach of the Messiah, impudence will increase and high costs will pile up. Although the vine shall bring forth its fruit, wine will nevertheless be expensive. And the monarchy shall turn to heresy, and there will be no one to give reproof about this. The meeting place of the Sages will become a place of promiscuity, and the Galilee shall be destroyed, and the Gavlan will be desolate, and the men of the border shall go round from city to city to seek charity, but they will find no mercy. And the wisdom of scribes will putrefy, and people who fear sin will be held in disgust, and the truth will be absent. The youth will shame the face of elders, elders will stand before minors. Normal family relations will be ruined: A son will disgrace a father; a daughter will rise up against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law. A man’s enemies will be the members of his household. The face of the generation will be like the face of a dog; a son will no longer be ashamed before his father. And upon what is there for us to rely? Only upon our Father in heaven. Rabbi Pineḥas ben Ya’ir says: Torah study leads to care in the performance of mitzvot. Care in the performance of mitzvot leads to diligence in their observance. Diligence leads to cleanliness of the soul. Cleanliness of the soul leads to abstention from all evil. Abstention from evil leads to purity and the elimination of all base desires. Purity leads to piety. Piety leads to humility. Humility leads to fear of sin. Fear of sin leads to holiness. Holiness leads to the Divine Spirit. The Divine Spirit leads to the resurrection of the dead.

 Notes and References

"... The Christian prayer par excellence is the Lord's Prayer, a prayer that Yeshua taught his disciples (Luke 11:2-4) and that Matthew included in the famous Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 6:9-13). According to a very early Church Manual called the Didache, this prayer was to be recited three times a day, apparently instead of the Shema (Didache 8:2, 3). Scholars have often pointed out how much the Lord's Prayer echoes the language of traditional Jewish prayers. Particularly noteworthy are the parallels to the Qaddish ... Yet there are differences. The Lord's Prayer begins by addressing the Lord as 'Our Father,' which is reminiscent of the Hebrew address ('Our Father in Heaven'). But if Joachim Jeremias is correct the original word that Yeshua used to address his Father was not the word Av, but rather the intimate word Abba (compare Mark 14:36, Romans 8:15; Galatians 4:6). Both the Qaddish and the beginning of the Lord's Prayer are prayers for the eschatological consummation of deliverance, but the prayer of Yeshua introduces an extra note of confidence and certainty ..."

Johnston, Robert M. The Prayers of Our Fathers (pp. 20-21) Shabbat Shalom, 1998

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