Matthew 5:22

New Testament

21 “You have heard that it was said to an older generation, ‘Do not murder,’ and ‘whoever murders will be subjected to judgment.’ 22 But I say to you that anyone who is angry with a brother will be subjected to judgment. And whoever insults a brother will be brought before the council, and whoever says ‘Fool’ will be sent to fiery hell. 23 So then, if you bring your gift to the altar and there you remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother and then come and present your gift. 25 Reach agreement quickly with your accuser while on the way to court, or he may hand you over to the judge, and the judge hand you over to the warden, and you will be thrown into prison. 26 I tell you the truth, you will never get out of there until you have paid the last penny!

Bava Metzia 59a

Babylonian Talmud

And moreover, they torment me to the extent that even at the time when they are engaged in the public study of the halakhot of leprous sores and tents in which there is a corpse, i.e., halakhic matters that have no connection to my sin, they say to me: David, one who engages in intercourse with a married woman, his death is effected with what form of execution? And I say to them: One who engages in intercourse with a married woman before witnesses and with forewarning, his death is by strangulation, but he still has a share in the World-to-Come. But one who humiliates another in public has no share in the World-to-Come. The transgression of you, who humiliate me, is more severe than my transgression.

 Notes and References

"... The common term “antitheses” (lit., “oppositions”) for these six teachings is inaccurate; some teachings proclaim not antithesis, but intensification (comparable to “making a fence around the Torah”; see Pirkei Avot 1.1). 21: You shall not murder, Exodus 20.13; Deuteronomy 5:17. Whoever murders ..., perhaps paraphrasing Genesis 9.6; Exodus 21.12. Judgment, a sentence for murder could only be ordered by a Jewish court (Deuteronomy 16.18; 21.1-9. See m. Sanhedrin 1.4; 7.1; b. Sanhedrin 35a; 72a-b). 22: Insult, name-calling could be a legal offense (m. Bava Kamma 8.1; m. Ketubin 3.7; see also b. Bava Metzia 58b). Council (Gk “Sanhedrin”) refers to the Jewish high council in Jerusalem, or a local court (see 26.57; m. Makkot 1.10; m. Sanhedrin 1.6; t. Sanhedrin 1.7). Hell (Gk “Gehenna”) ..."

Levine, Amy-Jill & Brettler, Marc Zvi The Jewish Annotated New Testament (p. 11) Oxford University Press, 2011

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