31 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32 All the nations will be assembled before him, and he will separate people one from another like a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. 34 Then the king will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, 36 I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.’
Shabbat 127aBabylonian Talmud
Rav Yehuda bar Sheila said that Rabbi Asi said that Rabbi Yoḥanan said: There are six matters a person enjoys the profits of in this world, and nevertheless the principal exists for him for the World-to-Come, and they are: Hospitality toward guests, and visiting the sick, and consideration during prayer, and rising early to the study hall, and one who raises his sons to engage in Torah study, and one who judges another favorably, giving him the benefit of the doubt.
Notes and References
"... Jesus pushed farther and challenged the conventional criteria of righteousness. Those standing on the right, who would enjoy eternal life in God's kingdom, were blessed because they alleviated the distress of people in need. They fed the hungry, slaked the thirst of the parched, befriended the stranger, provided garments to the poor, cared for people who were ill, and assisted those in prison. These acts expressed explicitly what the sages called g'milut khasadim - 'deeds of lovingkindness.' According to Simeon, 'The world is sustained by three things: by Torah, by Temple worship and by deeds of lovingkindness.' All six acts were encouraged in Jewish literature. Neglecting them was tantamount to apostasy. 'Hospitality to wayfarers is more important than welcoming the shekhina.' 'A person who neglects to visit the sick is like one who sheds blood.' And a passage that echoed the statement of Jesus in our parable: 'My children,' God said to Israel, 'whenever you give food to the poor, I impute it to you as though you gave Me food.' Jesus knew sick people the Pharisees never visited, poor people the sages never noticed, and prisoners the lawyers ignored. For Jesus, such persistent neglect on the part of many of the leaders and teachers of Israel was a clear indication that they didn't care. The anguish and suffering of the poor and disadvantaged didn't move them. He felt they were heartless and lacked compassion. They would be surprised, Jesus warned, when they found themselves on the left side, doomed to destruction ..."
Stern, Frank A Rabbi Looks at Jesus’ Parables (pp. 251-252) Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006