Judges 5:24

Hebrew Bible

23 ‘Call judgment down on Meroz,’ says the angel of the Lord; ‘Be sure to call judgment down on those who live there, because they did not come to help in the Lord’s battle, to help in the Lord’s battle against the warriors.’ 24 The most rewarded of women should be Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite! She should be the most rewarded of women who live in tents. 25 He asked for water, and she gave him milk; in a bowl fit for a king, she served him curds. 26 Her left hand reached for the tent peg, her right hand for the workmen’s hammer. She ‘hammered’ Sisera, she shattered his skull, she smashed his head, she drove the tent peg through his temple.

Luke 1:42

New Testament

39 In those days Mary got up and went hurriedly into the hill country, to a town of Judah, 40 and entered Zechariah’s house and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 She exclaimed with a loud voice, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child in your womb! 43 And who am I that the mother of my Lord should come and visit me? 44 For the instant the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy.

 Notes and References

"... Christian interpreters have long recognized what one finds in the 'Loci citati vel allegati' of Nestle-Aland — that Elizabeth's spirit-filled cry to her relative Mary in Luke 1:42 echoes both Judges 5:24 and Judith 13:1. Elizabeth's greeting, 'Blessed are you among women and blessed is the fruit of your womb,' is strikingly reminiscent of the prophet Deborah's praise of Jael, 'Blessed is Jael among women ... among tent-dwelling women most blessed' and of Uzziah's praise of Judith, 'Blessed are you, daughter, by the Most High God above all women on earth.' Indeed, Luke 1:42 has played a significant role in causing the church to consider Jael and Judith as types of Mary. Though interpreters, both ancient and modern, have heard Judges 5:24 and Judith 13:18 as echoes, they often emphasize only the continuity between Jael, Judith, and Mary, overlooking the obvious point of discontinuity — namely, that Jael and Judith are blessed for killing enemy commanders whereas Mary is blessed for believing the words of the Lord and bearing a son. If noted at all, this pointed difference is paid only a passing reference without any extensive reflection about how the allusions function within the Lucan text ..."

Wilson, Brittany E. Pugnacious Precursors and the Bearer of Peace: Jael, Judith, and Mary in Luke 1:42 (pp. 436-456) The Catholic Bible Quarterly, 2006

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