John 19:34

New Testament

32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men who had been crucified with Jesus, first the one and then the other. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and blood and water flowed out immediately. 35 And the person who saw it has testified (and his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth), so that you also may believe. 36 For these things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of his will be broken.” Source

Date: 90-110 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Pseudo Jonathan Numbers 20:8

Targum

And Mosheh took the rod of the miracles from before the Lord, as he had commanded him. And Mosheh and Aharon gathered the congregation together before the rock. And Mosheh said to them, Hear now, rebels: is it possible for us to bring forth water for you from this rock? And Mosheh lifted up his hand, and with his rod struck the rock two times: at the first time it dropped blood; but at the second time there came forth a multitude of waters. And the congregation and their cattle drank. But the Lord spake to Mosheh and Aharon with the oath, Because ye have not believed in My Word, to sanctify Me in the sight of the children of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this congregation into the land that I will give them. Source

Date: 300-1200 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... The Fourth Gospel's reference to "blood and water" issuing forth from the side of Jesus (19:34) may have been intended as an echo of the tradition that blood and water issued forth from the rock that Moses struck, a tradition preserved in the Targumim ..."

Evans, Craig A. Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies: A Guide to the Background Literature (p. 211) Hendrickson Publishers, 2005

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... The Fourth Gospel's reference to "blood and water" issuing forth from the side of Jesus (19:34) may have been intended as an echo of the tradition that blood and water issued forth from the rock that Moses struck, a tradition preserved in the Targumim ..."

Evans, Craig A. Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies: A Guide to the Background Literature (p. 211) Hendrickson Publishers, 2005

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.