Genesis 33:18

Hebrew Bible

15 So Esau said, “Let me leave some of my men with you.” “Why do that?” Jacob replied. “My lord has already been kind enough to me.” 16 So that same day Esau made his way back to Seir. 17 But Jacob traveled to Sukkoth where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called Sukkoth. 18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near the city. 19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for 100 pieces of money. 20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.”

LXX Genesis 33:18


16 Then Esau turned back on that day to his way to Seir. 17 And Iakob was set- ting out for Tents, and he made himself dwellings there and made tents for his cattle; therefore he called the name of that place Tents. 18 And Iakob came to Salem, a city of Sikima, which is in the land of Chanaan, when he came from Mesopotamia of Syria, and he encamped fac- ing the city. 19 And from Hemmora, Sychem’s fa- ther, he acquired for one hundred lambs the por- tion of the field, there where he had set up his tent, 20 and there he set up an altar and invoked the God of Israel.

 Notes and References

"... As we have already glimpsed, Jewish sources generally held that Melchizedek's kingdom, Salem, was simply a shortened form of the name "Jerusalem" ... Some interpreters, however, thought otherwise. A tradition existed that identified "Salem" as a site at or near Shechem, the capital of Samaria (formerly the northern kingdom of Israel). A fragment attributed to (Pseudo-) Eupolemus (who may or may not have been a Samaritan) actually mentions Melchizedek in retelling the story of Abraham. However, this text says that Melchizedek served as a priest in a temple on the Samaritan mountain, Mt. Gerizim, near Shechem ... Elsewhere, as well, Salem is identified as a place in its own right ..."

Kugel, James L. The Bible as it Was (pp. 159-160) Harvard University Press, 1998

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