Genesis 3:13

Hebrew Bible

11 And the Lord God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Did you eat from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?” 12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave me, she gave me some fruit from the tree and I ate it.” 13 So the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman replied, “The serpent tricked me, and I ate.” 14 The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the cattle and all the living creatures of the field! On your belly you will crawl and dust you will eat all the days of your life. 15 And I will put hostility between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring; he will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.”

Romans 7:11

New Testament

9 And I was once alive apart from the law, but with the coming of the commandment, sin became alive 10 and I died. So I found that the very commandment that was intended to bring life brought death! 11 For sin, seizing the opportunity through the commandment, deceived me and through it I died. 12 So then, the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, righteous, and good. 13 Did that which is good, then, become death to me? Absolutely not! But sin, so that it would be shown to be sin, produced death in me through what is good, so that through the commandment sin would become utterly sinful.

 Notes and References

"... Many of the themes in Romans 7:7–25 will have recalled the Genesis narrative for Paul’s Roman audience, but the primeval history is most clearly evoked by the arresting verbal parallel between Romans 7:11 and Genesis 3:13... While this parallel is sometimes noted by those arguing for an Adamic προσωποποιΐα (“personification”), there are two aspects of it that indicate Paul is constructing Eve’s προσωποποιΐα here. First, the allusion in Romans 7:11 is to Eve’s words in the Genesis narrative, not Adam’s. Second, when the verbs ἐξαπατάω and ἀπατάω (“deceived”) appear in the Pauline and deutero-Pauline corpora echoing Genesis 2–3, they are always appended to Eve’s action and never Adam’s ..."

Elder, Nicholas Wretch I Am! Eve’s Tragic Speech-in-Character in Romans 7:7–25 (pp. 743-763) Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol. 137, No. 3, 2018

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