Deuteronomy 8:2

Hebrew Bible

1 You must keep carefully all these commandments I am giving you today so that you may live, increase in number, and go in and occupy the land that the Lord promised to your ancestors. 2 Remember the whole way by which he has brought you these 40 years through the wilderness so that he might, by humbling you, test you to see if you have it within you to keep his commandments or not. 3 So he humbled you by making you hungry and then feeding you with unfamiliar manna. He did this to teach you that humankind cannot live by bread alone, but also by everything that comes from the Lord’s mouth. 4 Your clothing did not wear out nor did your feet swell all these 40 years.

LXX Deuteronomy 8:2


1 Ye shall observe to do all the commands which I charge you to-day, that ye may live and be multiplied, and enter in and inherit the land, which the Lord your God sware to give to your fathers. 2 And thou shalt remember all the way which the Lord thy God led thee in the wilderness, that he might afflict thee, and try thee, and that the things in thine heart might be made manifest, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments or no. 3 And he afflicted thee and straitened thee with hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thy fathers knew not; that he might teach thee that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God shall man live. 4 Thy garments grew not old from off thee, thy shoes were not worn from off thee, thy feet were not painfully hardened, lo! these forty years.

 Notes and References

"... The LXX differs from the Masoretic text by utilizing the plural form “commandments” instead of the collective singular “commandment”. Although the Masoretic text only calls God יהוה, the LXX uses the phrase, “the Lord your God” (κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὑμῶν). If the Israelites keep God’s commandments, they will live, become numerous, and inherit the land God promised to their fathers. The Israelites should remember how God led them in the wilderness (Deuteronomy 8:2). Unlike 4Q30 and the Masoretic text, the LXX of Deuteronomy 8:2 does not mention forty years ..."

Winchester, Christopher Thematic Association in the Gospel of Matthew: Situating Exegesis in the Gospel of Matthew in its Second Temple Context (p. 188) University of Edinburgh, 2017

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