Baruch 4:37


35 For fire will come upon her from the Everlasting for many days, and for a long time she will be inhabited by demons. 36 Look toward the east, O Jerusalem, and see the joy that is coming to you from God. 37 Look, your children are coming, whom you sent away; they are coming, gathered from east and west, at the word of the Holy One, rejoicing in the glory of God.

Luke 13:29

New Testament

27 But he will reply, ‘I don’t know where you come from! Go away from me, all you evildoers!’ 28 There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets in the kingdom of God but you yourselves thrown out. 29 Then people will come from east and west, and from north and south, and take their places at the banquet table in the kingdom of God. 30 But indeed, some are last who will be first, and some are first who will be last.” 31 At that time, some Pharisees came up and said to Jesus, “Get away from here because Herod wants to kill you.”

 Notes and References

"... In Jewish mental maps Jerusalem was both at the centre of the world and at the centre of the diaspora, and the diaspora was often said to be in the east and the west (since these two directions were the most obvious ones in this case: Zechariah 8:7; Baruch 4:37; 5:5) or in all four directions from Jerusalem (Zechariah 2:12; Isaiah 11:12; 43:5-6; 49:12; Psalm 107:3; Psalms of Solomon 1:2-3). Such a list, together with the phrase Luke uses in Acts 2:5, could well bring to mind the hope of the return of all the exiles. 2 Maccabees 2:18 expresses the hope that God 'will gather us from everywhere under heaven into his holy place,' probably echoing the classic treatment of exile and restoration in the Torah: Deuteronomy 30:4-5 (compare Deuteronomy 2:25; 4:19). Most of the passages just cited as locating the diaspora in two or four directions from Jerusalem are in fact descriptions of the exiles' return from these directions to Jerusalem. Luke himself includes just such a description in a saying of Jesus: 'people will come from east and west, from north and south, and will cat in the kingdom of God' (Luke 13:29). Both Luke's version with four points of the compass and Matthew's with only two (Matthew 8:11) have precedents in Jewish literature, but Luke's four directions accord with his own geographical outline of the diaspora in Acts 2:9-11 ..."

Bauckham, Richard The Jewish World around the New Testament: Collected Essays (p. 357) Mohr Siebeck, 2008

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