Ancient Near East

Cattle [of Shak]kan, Wild animals of open country he put on board He invited his people to a feast. he put his family on board. They were eating, they were drinking. But he went in and out, Could not stay still or rest on his haunches, His heart was breaking and he was vomiting bile. The face of the weather changed. Adad bellowed from the clouds. When he (Atrahasis) heard his noise, Bitumen was brought and he sealed his door. While he was closing up his door Adad kept bellowing from the clouds. The winds were raging even as he went up (And) cut through the rope, he released the boat. Anzu was tearing at the sky with his talons, the land, He broke the Flood [came out] The kasiisu-weapon went against the people like an army. No one could see anyone else, They could not be recognized in the catastrophe.

Genesis 7:16

Hebrew Bible

14 They entered, along with every living creature after its kind, every animal after its kind, every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, everything with wings. 15 Pairs of all creatures that have the breath of life came into the ark to Noah. 16 Those that entered were male and female, just as God commanded him. Then the Lord shut him in. 17 The flood engulfed the earth for 40 days. As the waters increased, they lifted the ark and raised it above the earth. 18 The waters completely overwhelmed the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the waters.

 Notes and References

"... As the plot tension increases, the boat is loaded and sealed. Atrahasis is still fragmentary. Animals are gathered by Atrahasis (III.ii,32-38) but whether these are all creatures or only his own livestock is obscured. The tablet resumes with a banquet for "his people" and the family boards (III.ii.40-43). The section ends with a rare insight into the stress and emotional turmoil Atrahasis experiences (III.ii.45-47). When the weather changes, Atrahasis has pitch brought. He seals the door and cuts the ropes (III.ii.51-55). In Gilgamesh, an arduous launching of the boat precedes the loading, and the boat is already afloat before the flood starts (XI.76-79). Utnapishtim fends first for himself, loading his own goods, gold, silver, and livestock, followed by family, wild animals and craftsmen (XI.80-85). Utnapishtim does not divulge his feelings but does remind Gilgamesh of Ea's instructions (XI.86-91). Seeing the foreboding weather, Utnapishtim enters, granting the boatman who sealed the boat, his palace with all its goods (XI.93-95). If the boatman is on the outside, this is a short-lived consolation for being left behind.316 However, it is possible that the boatman is on board, and gains his inheritance once Utnapishtim and his wife are taken 'far-away' (XI.204-205). In the final form of Genesis, the making of the boat and its loading are separated by a further divine command to enter (7:1-4). In a reversal of the Mesopotamian accounts, the family's admission precedes the animals (7:7-9, 13-16) and there is no reference to material goods. Again, the inventory of animals, alongside the repetition arising from J and P, gives this section a greater weighting. Noah's inner thoughts and reactions remain a closed book and it is YHWH who shuts him in (7:16) ..."

Harper, Elizabeth Ann It's all in the Name: Reading the Flood Narrative through the Lens of Genesis 5:29 (p. 72) Durham University, 2013

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