1 Timothy 2:14

New Testament

12 But I do not allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man. She must remain quiet. 13 For Adam was formed first and then Eve. 14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman, because she was fully deceived, fell into transgression. 15 But she will be delivered through childbearing, if she continues in faith and love and holiness with self-control.

Pseudo Philo Biblical Antiquities 13:8


8 when I (or Then he) gave him precept as concerning the year of the life of Noe, and said to him: These are the years which I ordained after the weeks wherein I visited the city of men, at what time I shewed them (or him) the place of birth and the colour (or and the serpent), and I (or he) said: This is. the place of which I taught the first man saying: If thou transgress not that I bade thee, all things shall be subject unto thee. But he transgressed my ways and was persuaded of his wife, and she was deceived by the serpent. And then was death ordained unto the generations of men.

 Notes and References

"... “From a woman is the beginning of sin, and because of her we all die” (Sir 25:24). This, in the context of Jesus Sirach, even though a singular statement, might be the first witness of manifold stories that blame Eve as the (only) originator of sin. In the first-century C.E., Pseudo-Philo adds, the first “man transgressed my ways and was persuaded by his wife; and she was deceived by the serpent. And then death was ordained for the generations of men.” And in the second century, 1 Timothy declares, “Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor” (1 Tim 2:14). It would be easy to increase the number of examples in postbiblical Jewish and Christian traditions blaming the first woman for her transgression. Yet, some countertraditions exist as well. The Apocalypse of Adam, a text from the Nag Hammadi library that likely originated in some Jewish quarters, narrates Adam’s teaching to his son Seth ..."

Standhartinger, Angela Manuscript and Gender: Eve’s Testament in GLAE/Apoc. Mos. 15–30 and LLAE 45–60 (pp. 215-246) Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2022

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