1 Kings 18:19

Hebrew Bible

18 Elijah replied, “I have not brought disaster on Israel. But you and your father’s dynasty have, by abandoning the Lord’s commandments and following the Baals. 19 Now send out messengers and assemble all Israel before me at Mount Carmel, as well as the 450 prophets of Baal and 400 prophets of Asherah whom Jezebel supports.” 20 Ahab sent messengers to all the Israelites and had the prophets assemble at Mount Carmel.

LXX 1 Kings 18:19


18 And Eliu said, I do not pervert Israel; but it is thou and thy father's house, in that ye forsake the Lord your God, and thou hast gone after Baalim. 19 And now send, gather to me all Israel to mount Carmel, and the prophets of shame four hundred and fifty, and the prophets of the groves four hundred, that eat at Jezabel's table. 20 And Achaab sent to all Israel, and gathered all the prophets to mount Carmel.

 Notes and References

"... those who will be banned from the New Jerusalem include obviously the second beast who is thrown in the lake of fire (Revelation 19:20; 20:10), but also “the dogs and the sorcerers and the sexually immoral, and the murderers, and the idolaters and everyone who loves and practices falsehood” (οἱ κύνες καὶ οἱ φάρμακοι καὶ οἱ πόρνοι καὶ οἱ φονεῖς καὶ οἱ εἰδωλολάτραι καὶ πᾶς φιλῶν καὶ ποιῶν ψεῦδος, Revelation 22:15). Every item in this list can be associated with queen Jezebel. She was devoured by dogs, she was said to have promoted sorcery and sexual immorality, she had prophets of yhwh slaughtered and Naboth murdered, she sponsored idolatry, i.e., worship of Baal, (Compare especially 1Kgs 18:19 which speaks of prophets of Baal (LXX: prophets of shame, προφήτας τῆς αἰσχύνης) and of Asherah (LXX: prophets of the grove, προφήτας τῶν ἀλσῶν) who eat at Jezebel’s table: ἐσθίοντας τράπεζαν Ἰεζάβελ.) and she orchestrated the murder of Naboth with false witnesses ..."

Rasimus, Tuomas "Jezebel in Jewish and Christian Tradition" in Tervahauta, Ulla, et al. (eds.) Women and Knowledge in Early Christianity (pp. 108-132) Brill, 2017

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