1 Enoch 48:6

Pseudepigrapha

1 And in that place I saw the fountain of righteousness Which was inexhaustible: And around it were many fountains of wisdom; And all the thirsty drank of them, And were filled with wisdom, And their dwellings were with the righteous and holy and elect. 2 And at that hour that Son of Man was named In the presence of the Lord of Spirits, And his name before the Head of Days. 3 Yea, before the sun and the signs were created, Before the stars of the heaven were made, His name was named before the Lord of Spirits. 4 He shall be a staff to the righteous whereon to stay themselves and not fall, And he shall be the light of the Gentiles, And the hope of those who are troubled of heart. 5 All who dwell on earth shall fall down and worship before him, And will praise and bless and celebrate with song the Lord of Spirits. 6 And for this reason hath he been chosen and hidden before Him, Before the creation of the world and for evermore. 7 And the wisdom of the Lord of Spirits hath revealed him to the holy and righteous; For he hath preserved the lot of the righteous, Because they have hated and despised this world of unrighteousness, And have hated all its works and ways in the name of the Lord of Spirits: For in his name they are saved, And according to his good pleasure hath it been in regard to their life. 8 In these days downcast in countenance shall the kings of the earth have become, And the strong who possess the land because of the works of their hands; For on the day of their anguish and affliction they shall not (be able to) save themselves. 9 And I will give them over into the hands of Mine elect: As straw in the fire so shall they burn before the face of the holy: As lead in the water shall they sink before the face of the righteous, And no trace of them shall any more be found. 10 And on the day of their affliction there shall be rest on the earth, And before them they shall fall and not rise again: And there shall be no one to take them with his hands and raise them: For they have denied the Lord of Spirits and His Anointed. The name of the Lord of Spirits be blessed. Source

Date: 200-50 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Ephesians 1:8

New Testament

1 From Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, to the saints [in Ephesus], the faithful in Christ Jesus. 2 Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ! 3 Blessed is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly realms in Christ. 4 For he chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world that we should be holy and blameless before him in love. 5 He did this by predestining us to adoption as his legal heirs through Jesus Christ, according to the pleasure of his will6 to the praise of the glory of his grace that he has freely bestowed on us in his dearly loved Son. 7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our offenses, according to the riches of his grace 8 that he lavished on us in all wisdom and insight. 9 He did this when he revealed to us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure that he set forth in Christ, 10 toward the administration of the fullness of the times, to head up all things in Christ—the things in heaven and the things on earth. 11 In Christ we too have been claimed as God’s own possession, since we were predestined according to the purpose of him who accomplishes all things according to the counsel of his will Source

Date: 60-70 C.E. (If authentic), 90-100 C.E. (If anonymous) (based on scholarly estimates)

"... We could add here that while Paul does not make use the term “Son of Man” anywhere to refer to Jesus, perhaps because it would not have been an intelligible designation to Gentile audiences, we nevertheless see the same idea in Jesus’ role as the exalted lord and Judge in 2Cor 5:10. this is not unlike the universal recognition of Jesus as lord in Phil 2:9-11. Boccaccini also notes that while Paul never uses the term “Son of Man,” his view of the Messiah as “Lord” (kyrios) is a convenient translation of the Enochic term “son of Man” for a Hellenistic audience. Boccaccini cites specifically 1 Thes 4:16 as evidence that the Lord (Jesus) will descend from heaven. He goes on to point out that the combination of Messiah with God’s wisdom is also found in Ephesians 1:8-9, 20-21; 3:8-11; and 1 Cor 1:30. This parallel, according to Boccaccini, resembles a similar tradition in 1 Enoch 48:7."

Bock, Darrell L. & Charlesworth, James H. Parables of Enoch: A Paradigm Shift (pp. 348-352) T&T Clark, 2013

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... We could add here that while Paul does not make use the term “Son of Man” anywhere to refer to Jesus, perhaps because it would not have been an intelligible designation to Gentile audiences, we nevertheless see the same idea in Jesus’ role as the exalted lord and Judge in 2Cor 5:10. this is not unlike the universal recognition of Jesus as lord in Phil 2:9-11. Boccaccini also notes that while Paul never uses the term “Son of Man,” his view of the Messiah as “Lord” (kyrios) is a convenient translation of the Enochic term “son of Man” for a Hellenistic audience. Boccaccini cites specifically 1 Thes 4:16 as evidence that the Lord (Jesus) will descend from heaven. He goes on to point out that the combination of Messiah with God’s wisdom is also found in Ephesians 1:8-9, 20-21; 3:8-11; and 1 Cor 1:30. This parallel, according to Boccaccini, resembles a similar tradition in 1 Enoch 48:7."

Bock, Darrell L. & Charlesworth, James H. Parables of Enoch: A Paradigm Shift (pp. 348-352) T&T Clark, 2013

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.