Zechariah 11:12

Hebrew Bible

10 Then I took my staff “Pleasantness” and cut it in two to annul my covenant that I had made with all the people. 11 So it was annulled that very day, and then the most afflicted of the flock who kept faith with me knew that it was the Lord’s message. 12 Then I said to them, “If it seems good to you, pay me my wages, but if not, forget it.” So they weighed out my payment—30 pieces of silver. 13 The Lord then said to me, “Throw to the potter that exorbitant sum at which they valued me!” So I took the 30 pieces of silver and threw them to the potter at the temple of the Lord. 14 Then I cut the second staff “Union” in two in order to annul the covenant of brotherhood between Judah and Israel.

Matthew 27:10

New Testament

8 For this reason that field has been called the “Field of Blood” to this day. 9 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: “They took the 30 silver coins, the price of the one whose price had been set by the people of Israel, 10 and they gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord commanded me.” 11 Then Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said, “You say so.” 12 But when he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he did not respond.

 Notes and References

"... Matthew’s second ‘prophetic fulfilment quotation’ relates to the 30 pieces of silver in Zechariah 11:12-13, which is referenced in both Matthew 26:15 and Matthew 27:3-10. The presenting difficulty with these verses is that the quotation is attributed to Jeremiah, whereas the bulk of the quotation comes from Zechariah 11:13. The two key clauses in Matthew 27:9 are a re-ordered translation of the MT of Zechariah 11:13 ... The last clause of Zechariah 11:13 probably underlies Matthew 27:5, in which Judas ‘cast the money into the temple’, and (possibly) the reference to the ‘treasury’ in 27:6. However, it cannot be the case that Matthew simply had a memory lapse, and wrote ‘Jeremiah’ by mistake instead of ‘Zechariah’. There is too much in this ‘fulfillment’ that has no connection at all to Zechariah 11, and indeed even runs against the grain of Zechariah 11. Matthew 27:10 says ‘and they used them to buy the potter’s field, as the Lord commanded me’, but Zechariah 11 contains no divine command to purchase anything, and no potter’s field. The key to understanding what is going on is to recognize that Matthew 27 is a mashup of Zechariah 11 and Jeremiah 19. That is, Matthew sees a typological fulfillment of both of these passages in the historical circumstances of the purchase of the ‘field of blood’ for thirty pieces of silver – the significance of the location points to Jeremiah 19, and the significance of the price points to Zechariah 11. To make the same point in another way, in this passage there is both a trail of blood, that leads back to Jeremiah 19, and a trail of silver, that leads us back to Zechariah 11 ..."

Stead, Michael R. "Expect the Unexpected: Matthew’s Use of Zechariah" in Bolt, Peter G. (ed.) Listen to Him Reading and Preaching Emmanuel in Matthew (pp. 45-65) Latimer Trust, 2015

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