Wisdom of Solomon 9:15


13 For who can learn the counsel of God? Or who can discern what the Lord wills? 14 For the reasoning of mortals is worthless, and our designs are likely to fail; 15 for a perishable body weighs down the soul, and this earthy tent burdens the thoughtful mind. 16 We can hardly guess at what is on earth, and what is at hand we find with labor; but who has traced out what is in the heavens? 17 Who has learned your counsel, unless you have given wisdom and sent your holy spirit from on high? 18 And thus the paths of those on earth were set right, and people were taught what pleases you, and were saved by wisdom."

1 Corinthians 15:53

New Testament

50 Now this is what I am saying, brothers and sisters: Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Listen, I will tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed— 52 in a moment, in the blinking of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and this mortal body must put on immortality.

 Notes and References

"... In [1 Corinthians] 15:1–58, Paul contends for the common Judean doctrine of an end-time resurrection, despite its absurdity to Gentiles. For Paul, an eschatological resurrection has moral consequences (6:13–14; 15:32–34, 58), as in other early Jewish defenses of eschatological judgment on moral grounds (or pagan condemnations of “immoral” Epicureans’ rejection of the afterlife). To argue for the eschatological resurrection, Paul begins in 15:1–11 with the component of that doctrine his hearers have already accepted, reinforcing the point with a list of eyewitnesses ... Educated, elite Corinthians probably followed views held by many philosophers, such as immortality of the soul after the body’s death. Many viewed the body as earthly, the soul as heavenly (Heraclitus Ep. 9; Seneca Dial. 12.11.6), including some Jews (Wisdom of Solomon 9:15–16; Sifre Deuteronomy 306.28.2). Many philosophers viewed the immortal soul as the divine part of a person; some Hellenistic Jewish thinkers concurred (Philo Creation 135). Contrary to the erroneous guesses of many NT scholars, most Jews in this period accepted this distinction between soul and body, and that the soul remained immortal after death. But most Judeans, and at least some Diaspora Jews, also accepted the doctrine of a future bodily resurrection alongside the soul’s immortality after death ..."

Keener, Craig S. 1-2 Corinthians (p. 122) Cambridge University Press, 2005

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