1 Therefore those people were deservedly punished through such creatures, and were tormented by a multitude of animals. 2 Instead of this punishment you showed kindness to your people, and you prepared quails to eat, a delicacy to satisfy the desire of appetite; 3 in order that those people, when they desired food, might lose the least remnant of appetite because of the odious creatures sent to them, while your people, after suffering want a short time, might partake of delicacies. 4 For it was necessary that upon those oppressors inescapable want should come, while to these others it was merely shown how their enemies were being tormented. 5 For when the terrible rage of wild animals came upon your people and they were being destroyed by the bites of writhing serpents, your wrath did not continue to the end; 6 they were troubled for a little while as a warning, and received a symbol of deliverance to remind them of your law's command. 7 For the one who turned toward it was saved, not by the thing that was beheld, but by you, the Savior of all. 8And by this also you convinced our enemiesthat it is you who deliver from every evil.9For they were killed by the bites of locusts and flies,and no healing was found for them,because they deserved to be punished by such things.
Date: 100-50 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)
1 Then the fifth angel blew his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth, and he was given the key to the shaft of the abyss. 2 He opened the shaft of the abyss and smoke rose out of it like smoke from a giant furnace. The sun and the air were darkened with smoke from the shaft. 3Then out of the smoke came locusts onto the earth, and they were given power like that of the scorpions of the earth.4They were told not to damage the grass of the earth, or any green plant or tree, but only those people who did not have the seal of God on their forehead.5 The locusts were not given permission to kill them, but only to torture them for five months, and their torture was like that of a scorpion when it stings a person. 6 In those days people will seek death, but will not be able to find it; they will long to die, but death will flee from them. 7 Now the locusts looked like horses equipped for battle. On their heads were something like crowns similar to gold, and their faces looked like men’s faces. 8 They had hair like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. 9 They had breastplates like iron breastplates, and the sound of their wings was like the noise of many horse-drawn chariots charging into battle. 10 They have tails and stingers like scorpions, and their ability to injure people for five months is in their tails. 11 They have as king over them the angel of the abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon. 12 The first woe has passed, but two woes are still coming after these things!