Wisdom of Solomon 12:1


1 For your immortal spirit is in all things. 2 Therefore you correct little by little those who trespass, and you remind and warn them of the things through which they sin, so that they may be freed from wickedness and put their trust in you, O Lord. 3 Those who lived long ago in your holy land 4 you hated for their detestable practices, their works of sorcery and unholy rites, 5 their merciless slaughter of children, and their sacrificial feasting on human flesh and blood. These initiates from the midst of a heathen cult,

Origen Contra Celsum 4.37

Against Celsus

For the Scripture, speaking of the fashioning of the man, says, And breathed into his face the breath of life, and the man became a living soul. Whereon Celsus, wishing maliciously to ridicule the inbreathing into his face of the breath of life, and not understanding the sense in which the expression was employed, states that they composed a story that a man was fashioned by the hands of God, and was inflated by breath blown into him, in order that, taking the word inflated to be used in a similar way to the inflation of skins, he might ridicule the statement, He breathed into his face the breath of life,— terms which are used figuratively, and require to be explained in order to show that God communicated to man of His incorruptible Spirit; as it is said, For Your incorruptible Spirit is in all things.

 Notes and References

"... In the Western Church one should not overlook the Muratorian Fragment, perhaps a (late) second- century writing from Rome: In its lines 68–70 it mentions Wisdom (after the Epistle of Jude and two Johannine Epistles) among writings related to the New Testament. Interestingly, according to this text Wisdom was written “by friends of Solomon to his honour” (Sapientia ab amicis Salomonis in honorem ipsius scripta). Even if Origen is well aware of the fact that Wisdom is not accepted everywhere (Principles 4, 4, 6) he himself makes regular use of the book even in Christological debates (see Principles 1, 2, 9; Celsum 3:62; 5:10; 6:63; 8:14). Winston observes: “Although he [Origen] sometimes quotes it [Wisdom] with the skeptical formula he epigegrammene tou Solomontos Sophia (In Iohannem Commentarius 20.4; Contra Celsum 5:29), he also quotes it almost as frequently as a work of Solomon ..."

Nicklas, Tobias "The Apocrypha in the History of Early Christianity" in Oegema, Gerbern S. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Apocrypha (pp. 52-73) Oxford University Press, 2021

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