Wisdom of Solomon 11:16


14 For though they had mockingly rejected him who long before had been cast out and exposed, at the end of the events they marveled at him, when they felt thirst in a different way from the righteous. 15 In return for their foolish and wicked thoughts, which led them astray to worship irrational serpents and worthless animals, you sent upon them a multitude of irrational creatures to punish them, 16 so that they might learn that one is punished by the very things by which one sins. 17 For your all-powerful hand, which created the world out of formless matter, did not lack the means to send upon them a multitude of bears, or bold lions,

Testament of Gad 5:10

Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs

And those things which it hath not learnt from man, it knoweth through repentance. For God brought upon me a disease of the liver; and had not the prayers of Jacob my father succoured me, it had hardly failed but my spirit had departed, For by what things a man transgresseth, by the same also is he punished. Since, therefore, my liver was set mercilessly against Joseph, in my liver too I suffered mercilessly, and was judged for eleven months, for so long a time as I had been angry against Joseph.

 Notes and References

"... The aspect I wish to draw attention to, however, is that Salome is punished in that part of her body that she used to commit the sinful act, her hand. This idea is also weIl attested elsewhere. For example, in the Testament of Gad 5:9-11 we read the following statement by Gad ... Wisdom of Solomon 11:16 says: 'Those things through which a man sins, through them he is punished'. And in Pseudo-Philo's Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum 44:10, God says: 'To every man there will be such a punishment that in whatever sin he shall have sinned, in this he will be judged'. One could quote many more examples from Jewish pseudepigrapha (e.g. Jubilees 48:14) and also from rabbinic literature (e.g. Mishnah, Sotah 1:7-9; Tosefta, Sotah 3-4; Mekhilta, Be-Shalach 6) to illustrate that the principle of retaliation from the Torah (Exodus 21:23; Leviticus 24:18; Deuteronomy 19:21) was still very much adhered to. But this was the case not only in Jewish but also in Christian literature from the early centuries, witness not only our passage on Salome, but also several Christian apocalyptic writings from late antiquity ..."

van Der Horst, Pieter W. Sex, Birth, Purity, and Ascetism in the Protevangelium Jacobi (pp. 205-218) Neotestamentica 28(3), 1994

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