Tobit 4:14


13 So now, my son, love your kindred, and in your heart do not disdain your kindred, the sons and daughters of your people, by refusing to take a wife for yourself from among them. For in pride there is ruin and great confusion. And in idleness there is loss and dire poverty, because idleness is the mother of famine. 14 "Do not keep over until the next day the wages of those who work for you, but pay them at once. If you serve God you will receive payment. Watch yourself, my son, in everything you do, and discipline yourself in all your conduct. 15 And what you hate, do not do to anyone. Do not drink wine to excess or let drunkenness go with you on your way. 16 Give some of your food to the hungry, and some of your clothing to the naked. Give all your surplus as alms, and do not let your eye begrudge your giving of alms.

James 5:4

New Testament

1 Come now, you rich! Weep and cry aloud over the miseries that are coming on you. 2 Your riches have rotted and your clothing has become moth-eaten. 3 Your gold and silver have rusted and their rust will be a witness against you. It will consume your flesh like fire. It is in the last days that you have hoarded treasure! 4 Look, the pay you have held back from the workers who mowed your fields cries out against you, and the cries of the reapers have reached the ears of the Lord of Heaven’s Armies. 5 You have lived indulgently and luxuriously on the earth. You have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter. 6 You have condemned and murdered the righteous person, although he does not resist you.

 Notes and References

"... In contrast to Jewish admonitions, including Jesus’, the rich that James addresses have stored up earthly treasures in order to hoard them for themselves. As Sirach says, they have stored their treasure under the stone, where it sits useless and becomes rusted and destroyed. James 5:4–6 elaborates on exactly how they have stored up these treasures. They have defrauded workers of their wages and kept the money for themselves (5:4), which was consistently denounced throughout Jewish tradition. (Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14–15; Job 7:1–2; 24:10; 31:13, 38–40; Jeremiah 22:13; Malachi 3:5; Sirach 7:20; 31:4; 34:21ff; Tobit 4:14; Matthew 20:8; Testament of Job 12:4; Pseudo-Phocylides 19) The rich have also lived in luxury and self-indulgence (5:5). These expenditures do not mean the rich stopped hoarding wealth, but rather that they exchanged one form of hoarded wealth for another, namely, goods and luxuries. They have wasted their wealth on these indulgences in the “day of slaughter,” which refers to the coming day of God’s eschatological wrath ..."

Scacewater, Todd The Dynamic and Righteous Use of Wealth in James 5:1-6 (pp. 227-242) Journal of Markets & Morality Volume 20, Number 2, 2017

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