Tobit 12:8


6 Then Raphael called the two of them privately and said to them, "Bless God and acknowledge him in the presence of all the living for the good things he has done for you. Bless and sing praise to his name. With fitting honor declare to all people the deeds of God. Do not be slow to acknowledge him. 7 It is good to conceal the secret of a king, but to acknowledge and reveal the works of God, and with fitting honor to acknowledge him. Do good and evil will not overtake you. 8 Prayer with fasting is good, but better than both is almsgiving with righteousness. A little with righteousness is better than wealth with wrongdoing. It is better to give alms than to lay up gold. 9 For almsgiving saves from death and purges away every sin. Those who give alms will enjoy a full life, 10 but those who commit sin and do wrong are their own worst enemies.

2 Clement 16:4


1 Therefore, brethren, since we have found no small opportunity for repentance, seeing that we have time, let us turn again unto God that called us, while we have still One that receiveth us. 2 For if we bid farewell to these enjoyments and conquer our soul in refusing to fulfill its evil lusts, we shall be partakers of the mercy of Jesus. 3 But ye know that the day of judgment cometh even now as a burning oven, and the powers of the heavens shall melt, and all the earth as lead melting on the fire, and then shall appear the secret and open works of men. 4 Almsgiving therefore is a good thing, even as repentance from sin Fasting is better than prayer, but almsgiving better than both. And love covereth a multitude of sins, but prayer out of a good conscience delivereth from death. Blessed is every man that is found full of these. For almsgiving lifteth off the burden of sin.

 Notes and References

"... The Apostolic Fathers (ca. 90-150 CE), those writings closest in chronology to the New Testament writings, have a number of even more striking parallels. quotations, and allusions to noncanonical literature. Notice, for example. that Clement of Rome (ca. 90-95 CE) cited Sirach 2:11 in 1 Clement 60.1, Wisdom of Solomon 12:10 in 1 Clement 7.5, and Wisdom of Solomon 12:12 in 1 Clement 27.5 (perhaps also alluded to in 3.4 and 7.5). In 1 Clement 55.4 6 both Judith (8ff.) and Esther (7 and 4:16) are cited authoritatively or scripturally. The author of 2 Clement (ca. 150 CE) has a number of quotations, allusions, and references from unknown and nonbiblical sources (see 11.2-4,7, and 13.2) as well as a quote from Tobit 16:4. Barnabas (ca. 90-130) employs quotations from Wisdom of Solomon (20.2), 1 Enoch (16.5), 4 Ezra (12.1), and from unknown 'scripture' as in 7.3, 8, and 10.7. The Didache (ca. 70-90 CE) makes use of Wisdom of Solomon in 5.2 and 10.3 as well as an unknown quote in 1.6. Polycarp cites Tobit 4:10 (see also 12:9) in Martyrdom 10.2 ..."

McDonald, Lee Martin Forgotten Scriptures: The Selection and Rejection of Early Religious Writings (p. 136) Westminster John Knox Press, 2009

"... 2 Clement 16.4 contains the citation of 1 Peter 4:8 (along with Tobit 12:8-9): “Fasting is better than prayer, but merciful practice is better than both, and love covers a multitude of sins; prayer from a good conscience delivers from death.” Drawing on Tobit 12:8 (G1: “Prayer with fasting and merciful action and righteousness is good”), the author of 2 Clement asserts the superiority of merciful practice over prayer, but he goes beyond Tobit by declaring that ἐλεημοσύνη is better than both fasting and prayer ..."

Downs, David J. Alms: Charity, Reward, and Atonement in Early Christianity (pp. 189-190) Baylor University Press, 2016

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