Testament of Naphtali 3:2

Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs

Be ye, therefore, not eager to corrupt your doings through covetousness or with vain words to beguile your souls; because if ye keep silence in purity of heart, ye shall understand how to hold fast the will of God, and to cast away the will of Beliar. Sun and moon and stars change not their order; so do ye also change not the law of God in the disorderliness of your doings. The Gentiles went astray, and forsook the Lord, and changed their order, and obeyed stocks and stones, spirits of deceit. But ye shall not be so, my children, recognizing in the firmament, in the earth, and in the sea, and in all created things, the Lord who made all things, that ye become not as Sodom, which changed the order of nature.

Psalms of Solomon 18:10


8 to direct people to righteous actions, in the fear of God, to confirm them all in the presence of the Lord. 9 This will be a good generation living in the fear of God, in the days of mercy. 10 Our God is great and glorious living in the highest heavens, who arranged the sun and moon into orbits to mark the times of the hours from day to day. And they have not deviated from their course that he appointed for them. 11 Their course each day is in the fear of God, from the day God created them and until forever. 12 And they have not wandered from the day he created them, from ancient generations. They have not veered off their course except when God directed them by the command of his servants.

 Notes and References

"... Elsewhere in the Old Testament, lawfulness is attributed to the courses of the sun, moon, and stars, the ebb and flow of the tides, the alternation of seasons, and even to meteorological phenomena like the wind, rain, and lightning ... The stress here on nature’s obedience to God’s word was intended as a contrast to the foolishness of humans who disregard God’s (moral) laws, as the context makes abundantly clear (Sirach 16; 17). The contrast between the obedience of the luminaries and the rebelliousness of humans was made even more explicit in an early segment of 1 Enoch, and it reappeared in the Testament of Naphtali, the Psalms of Solomon, and the Dead Sea Scrolls ..."

Kaiser, Christopher B. "Early Christian Belief in Creation and the Beliefs Sustaining the Modern Scientific Endeavor" in Stump, J. B., and Alan G. Padgett (eds.) The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (pp. 3-13) Wiley-Blackwell, 2012

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