Testament of Levi 3:2

Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs

Hear, therefore, regarding the heavens which have been shown to thee. The lowest is for this cause gloomy unto thee, in that it beholds all the unrighteous deeds of men. And it has fire, snow, and ice made ready for the day of judgement, in the righteous judgement of God; for in it are all the spirits of the retributions for vengeance on men. And in the second are the hosts of the armies which are ordained for the day of judgement, to work vengeance on the spirits of deceit and of Beliar.

Pseudo Philo Biblical Antiquities 32:7


7 And when their enemies dealt evilly with them, the people cried unto the Lord, and their prayer was heard, and he brought them out thence, and led them unto the mount Sina, and brought forth unto them the foundation of understanding which he had prepared from the birth of the world; and then the foundation was moved, the hosts sped forth the lightnings upon their courses, and the winds sounded out of their storehouses, and the earth was stirred from her foundation, and the mountains and the rocks trembled in their fastenings, and the clouds lifted up their waves against the flame of the fire that it should not consume the world. 8 Then did the depth awake from his springs, and all the waves of the sea came together. Then did Paradise give forth the breath of her fruits, and the cedars of Libanus were moved from their roots. And the beasts of the field were terrified in the dwellings of the forests, and all his works gathered together to behold the Lord when he ordained a covenant with the children of Israel. And all things that the Most Mighty said, these hath he observed, having for witness Moses his beloved.

 Notes and References

"... Testament of Levi 3:2 is often noted as a parallel text to those in the Enochic corpus that speak of storehouses for the elements. While neither “storehouse” nor “treasury” is used, the text describes the heavens that Levi has seen, the lowest of which “contains fire, snow, and ice, ready for the day determined by God's righteous judgment.” One striking feature of this text (which is not paralleled in the Aramaic Levi Document) is that these elements are represented as substances of punishment. The parallel with the Enoch texts, which are interested in the elements as they contribute to meteorological phenomena and not only as they function in the eschatological judgement, is actually quite limited. If anything, there is a closer parallel to bḤagigah 12b, although this is also limited, since the elements listed do not entirely correspond. A limited correspondence can also be noted in Pseudo-Philo 32:7, and its description of God’s appearing at Sinai ..."

Macaskill, Grant Meteorology and Metrology: Evaluating Parallels in the Ethiopic Parables of Enoch and 2 (Slavonic) Enoch (pp. 79-99) Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2019

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