Targum Psalm 49:3


1 For praise; by the sons of Korah; a hymn. 2 Hear this declaration, all peoples; give ear, all dwellers on earth. 3 Even the sons of the first Adam, even the sons of Jacob together, righteous and sinner. 4 My mouth will speak wisdom, and the murmur of my heart is understanding. 5 I will incline my ear to a parable, I will begin to open my riddle with the lyre. 6 Why should I fear on the day of the visitation of evil, except that the guilt of my sin at my end will encompass me?

1 Corinthians 15:47

New Testament

41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon and another glory of the stars, for star differs from star in glory. 42 It is the same with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable, what is raised is imperishable. 43 It is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living person”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 However, the spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and then the spiritual. 47 The first man is from the earth, made of dust; the second man is from heaven. 48 Like the one made of dust, so too are those made of dust, and like the one from heaven, so too those who are heavenly.

 Notes and References

"... Paul has quoted a portion of Gen 2:7, adding the words 'first' and the proper name 'Adam.' This manner of referring to Adam occurs at least five times in Targum Psalms (cf., 49:2, 69:32, 92:1, 94:10). All of these references are to the Adam of the creation story, who offered sacrifice (Tg. Pss. 69:32), uttered a song concerning the Sabbath (Tg. Pss. 92:1), and was taught knowledge by the Lord (Tg. Pss. 94:10). Paul's contrast between the first man, who is physical, and the second man, who is heavenly, has its counterpart in Philo (cf. Alleg. Interp. 1.31-32 [commenting on Gen 2:7]), but the locution 'first Adam' is distinctly targummic."

Evans, Craig A. Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies: A Guide to the Background Literature (p. 339) Hendrickson Publishers, 2005

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