Jonathan Isaiah 28:11


10 Surely, they were commanded to do the law; but what they were commanded, they were not willing to do. The prophets prophesied unto them, that if they would repent, it should be for given them; but they did not obey the words of the prophets: they walked after the desire of their soul, neither did they desire to do my law. They hoped to have idolatrous worship established among them, and they did not consider the worship of the house of my sanctuary: to worship in the house of my sanctuary was as a little thing in their eyes, my Shekinah was as a little thing in their eyes. 11 Because with feigned speech, and with mocking language, this people mocked the prophets, who prophesies unto them. 12 The prophets said unto them, This is the house of the sanctuary, worship ye in it: and this is the possession in which there is rest; but they would not accept instructions.

Matthew 5:12

New Testament

8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. 9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called the children of God. 10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 11 Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you and say all kinds of evil things about you falsely on account of me. 12 Rejoice and be glad because your reward is great in heaven, for they persecuted the prophets before you in the same way. 13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if salt loses its flavor, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled on by people!

 Notes and References

"... In the fourth type of affinity, the New Testament and the Targumim share a thematic emphasis. Just as the second type of affinity is less substantial than the first, so the fourth is less demonstrable than the third, and for much the same reason. Comparability of wording is not at issue; rather, the less obvious question of themes is in play. Jesus, for example, lamented the persistent refusal to listen to the prophets (Matthew 5:12; Luke 6:23); the meturgeman (Aramaic, "interpreter, translator of Isaiah also lamented that "with odd speech and mocking tongue this people were scoffing at the prophets who prophesied to them" (Targum Isaiah 28:11). Although the relationship with the targumic interpretation may be helpful in understanding Jesus' perspective, since the Targum at Isaiah 28 is pointed in its condemnation of cultic abuses (as Jesus famously was), it must be born in mind that abuse by the prophets is a topos within the Judaism of the period ..."

Chilton, Bruce "From Aramaic Paraphrase to Greek Testament" in Evans, Craig A. (ed.) From Prophecy to Testament: The Function of the Old Testament in the New (pp. 23-43) Hendrickson Publishers, 2004

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