Sirach 9:10

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

8 Turn away your eyes from a shapely woman, and do not gaze at beauty belonging to another; many have been seduced by a woman's beauty, and by it passion is kindled like a fire. 9 Never dine with another man's wife, or revel with her at wine; or your heart may turn aside to her, and in blood you may be plunged into destruction. 10 Do not abandon old friends, for new ones cannot equal them. A new friend is like new wine; when it has aged, you can drink it with pleasure. 11 Do not envy the success of sinners, for you do not know what their end will be like. 12 Do not delight in what pleases the ungodly; remember that they will not be held guiltless all their lives.

Matthew 9:17

New Testament

15 Jesus said to them, “The wedding guests cannot mourn while the bridegroom is with them, can they? But the days are coming when the bridegroom will be taken from them, and then they will fast. 16 No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment because the patch will pull away from the garment and the tear will be worse. 17 And no one pours new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the skins burst and the wine is spilled out and the skins are destroyed. Instead they put new wine into new wineskins and both are preserved. 18 As he was saying these things, a leader came, bowed low before him, and said, “My daughter has just died, but come and lay your hand on her and she will live.” 19 Jesus and his disciples got up and followed him.

 Notes and References

"... Matthew 9:17 offers a summary of the kind attested occasionally in his redactional work (Matthew 5:18 diff. Luke 16:17, etc.): the “new wine and new skins” are preserved. This probably refers to the new reality of the rule of God and to the new commandments of Jesus (Matthew 5) ... Some scholars have proposed that originally, the metaphors of the old garment and the new wine did not belong together, since the former concerns the preservation of what is old and the latter concerns the protection of what is new. However, the motifs of an old garment and wine skins are already linked in Job 13:28. Repairing a garment and filling wine skins were typically female and male activities. Jesus occasionally employed double metaphors and double parables, which were among his favorite modes of speaking ... An old garment can symbolize the past (Hosea 5:12; Isaiah 50:9; 51:6, 8; Sirach 14:17), and especially the past of the cosmos (Psalm 101:27). The fragility of the human person is compared to an old bag and a moth-eaten garment (Job 13:28). New or bright clothing could symbolize an existence renewed by God (2 Enoch 22.8), and wine could be the symbol of the age of salvation (Genesis 49:11–12; Amos 9:13–14; Isaiah 65:21). The eschatological festal calendar of the Qumran community included a feast of the new wine (11QMiqd XIX, 14–15; XX, 4–10). Old wine, which was regarded as particularly good in the Old Testament (Isaiah 25:6), Hellenistic-Roman and Jewish milieus (Sirach 9:10; b. Berakhot 51a), is sometimes employed in the rabbinic literature as a symbol of the doctrine of Torah ..."

Riesner, Rainer "The Question of the Baptists' Disciples on Fasting (Matt 9:14-17; Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-39)" in Holmén, Tom, and Stanley E. Porter (eds.) Handbook for the Study of the Historical Jesus (pp. 3305-3347) Brill, 2011

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