Sirach 40:15

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

13 The wealth of the unjust will dry up like a river, and crash like a loud clap of thunder in a storm. 14 As a generous person has cause to rejoice, so lawbreakers will utterly fail. 15 The children of the ungodly put out few branches; they are unhealthy roots on sheer rock. 16 The reeds by any water or river bank are plucked up before any grass; 17 but kindness is like a garden of blessings, and almsgiving endures forever.

Psalms of Solomon 14:4


2 to those living in the righteousness of his commands, in the Torah that he commanded us for our lives. 3 The Lord's devout will live by it forever; his devout are the Lord's Paradise, the trees of life. 4 Their plant is rooted forever; they will not be pulled up as long as heaven shall last. 5 because God has reserved Israel for himself 6 But it is not so with sinners and criminals, who love the time enjoying their sins.

 Notes and References

"... The point is reinforced by a sequence of forceful metaphors. These traditions of Jesus as Christ and Lord provide for the new community both a root for the new plant and a foundation for the new building. The verb 'cause to take root,' only here and in Ephesians 3:17 in the New Testament) vividly images the preaching / teaching as an effective sowing that results in a well-rooted plant (perfect participle; compare Sirach 24:12 - of wisdom; Psalms of Solomon 14:4; Odes of Solomon 38:17-22). The importance of deep roots was well understood in Jewish tradition (e.g., Jeremiah 17:8; Ezekiel 31:7; Sirach 40:15). Naturally the image is complementary to the 'fruit-bearing' metaphor of 1:10, which allows the same emphasis on a 'walk' determined by reference to 'the Lord.' Equally it makes a natural partner in Jewish tradition ..."

Dunn, James D. G. The Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon: A Commentary on the Greek Text (pp. 141-142) Paternoster, 1996

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