Sirach 36:6

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

1 Have mercy upon us, O God of all, 2 and put all the nations in fear of you. 3 Lift up your hand against foreign nations and let them see your might. 4 As you have used us to show your holiness to them, so use them to show your glory to us. 5 Then they will know, as we have known, that there is no God but you, O Lord. 6 Give new signs, and work other wonders; 7 make your hand and right arm glorious. 8 Rouse your anger and pour out your wrath; 9 destroy the adversary and wipe out the enemy. 10 Hasten the day, and remember the appointed time, and let people recount your mighty deeds. 11 Let survivors be consumed in the fiery wrath, and may those who harm your people meet destruction. 12 Crush the heads of hostile rulers who say, "There is no one but ourselves." 13 Gather all the tribes of Jacob, 16 and give them their inheritance, as at the beginning. 17 Have mercy, O Lord, on the people called by your name, on Israel, whom you have named your firstborn, 18 Have pity on the city of your sanctuary, Jerusalem, the place of your dwelling. 19 Fill Zion with your majesty, and your temple with your glory. 20 Bear witness to those whom you created in the beginning, and fulfill the prophecies spoken in your name. 21 Reward those who wait for you and let your prophets be found trustworthy.

Acts 2:3

New Testament

1 Now when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 Suddenly a sound like a violent wind blowing came from heaven and filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3 And tongues spreading out like a fire appeared to them and came to rest on each one of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit, and they began to speak in other languages as the Spirit enabled them. 5 Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven residing in Jerusalem. 6 When this sound occurred, a crowd gathered and was in confusion because each one heard them speaking in his own language. 7 Completely baffled, they said, “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans? 8 And how is it that each one of us hears them in our own native language? 9 Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and the province of Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, 11 both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own languages about the great deeds God has done!” 12 All were astounded and greatly confused, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13 But others jeered at the speakers, saying, “They are drunk on new wine!”

 Notes and References

"... Third, the pouring of the Spirit (Acts 2:1-13) upon the Twelve is bound up with the messiah's enthronement, an event, by definition, bound up with Israel's restoration. As we have noted above, the pouring out of the Spirit has been underscored as having primary importance for Israel's restoration. Luke now attempts to explain the relevance of this event (2:14-36). According to Luke, the outpouring of the Spirit is the event of "the last days." As both Annette Steudel and John J. Collins have demonstrated from their study of this motif in EJL, the end of days is most often described as a time of testing as well as a time of incipient salvation or restoration for Israel. Luke draws on this understanding, but revises it in light of a heavenly messiah who pours out the Spirit on the Twelve and other followers, who subsequently find themselves, as did their messiah, in conflict with both (non-Christian) Jews and Rome ... As with other early Jewish or New Testament accounts of restoration in which references to the Babylon's destruction of Israel occur, Luke's reference to Israel's 6th century exile is informative for understanding his interpretation of Israel's plight and restoration. (... the second Temple restoration is reflected positively or at least without critique in many early Jewish writings e.g.. Letter of Aristeas; 1 Maccabees; Sirach; compare Sirach 36; 48). In other sources, however, it is considered inferior or secondary to what is expected to come (e.g., Tobit 13-14; 4Q390; 11QTemple Scroll; 4QFlorilegium) ..."

Fuller, Michael E. The Tradition of Restoration: An Examination of the Motifs of Israel's Re-Gathering and the Fate of the Nations in Early Jewish Literature and Luke-Acts (pp. 284-288) Durham University, 2005

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