1 Have mercy upon us, O God of all, 2and put all the nations in fear of you.3Lift up your hand against foreign nationsand let them see your might.4 As you have used us to show your holiness to them, so use them to show your glory to us. 5 Then they will know, as we have known, that there is no God but you, O Lord. 6Give new signs, and work other wonders;7 make your hand and right arm glorious. 8 Rouse your anger and pour out your wrath; 9 destroy the adversary and wipe out the enemy. 10 Hasten the day, and remember the appointed time, and let people recount your mighty deeds. 11Let survivors be consumed in the fiery wrath, and may those who harm your people meet destruction. 12 Crush the heads of hostile rulers who say, "There is no one but ourselves." 13Gather all the tribes of Jacob, 16 and give them their inheritance, as at the beginning. 17 Have mercy, O Lord, on the people called by your name, on Israel, whom you have named your firstborn, 18Have pity on the city of your sanctuary,Jerusalem, the place of your dwelling.19Fill Zion with your majesty,and your temple with your glory.20 Bear witness to those whom you created in the beginning, and fulfill the prophecies spoken in your name.21Reward those who wait for you and let your prophets be found trustworthy. 22 Hear, O Lord, the prayer of your servants, according to your goodwill toward your people, and all who are on the earth will know that you are the Lord, the God of the ages. 23 The stomach will take any food, yet one food is better than another. 24 As the palate tastes the kinds of game, so an intelligent mind detects false words.
Date: 195-175 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)
1 Now when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 Suddenly a sound like a violent wind blowing came from heaven and filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3And tongues spreading out like a fire appeared to them and came to rest on each one of them.4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit, and they began to speak in other languages as the Spirit enabled them. 5Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven residing in Jerusalem.6 When this sound occurred, a crowd gathered and was in confusion because each one heard them speaking in his own language. 7 Completely baffled, they said, “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans? 8And how is it that each one of us hears them in our own native language?9Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and the province of Asia,10Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene, and visitors from Rome,11both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own languages about the great deeds God has done!”12 All were astounded and greatly confused, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13 But others jeered at the speakers, saying, “They are drunk on new wine!”