Sirach 33:1

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

1 No evil will befall the one who fears the Lord, but in trials such a one will be rescued again and again. 2 The wise will not hate the law, but the one who is hypocritical about it is like a boat in a storm. 3 The sensible person will trust in the law; for such a one the law is as dependable as a divine oracle. 4 Prepare what to say, and then you will be listened to; draw upon your training, and give your answer. 5 The heart of a fool is like a cart wheel, and his thoughts like a turning axle. 6 A mocking friend is like a stallion that neighs no matter who the rider is.

James 1:2

New Testament

1 From James, a slave of God and the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes dispersed abroad. Greetings! 2 My brothers and sisters, consider it nothing but joy when you fall into all sorts of trials, 3 because you know that the testing of your faith produces endurance. 4 And let endurance have its perfect effect, so that you will be perfect and complete, not deficient in anything. 5 But if anyone is deficient in wisdom, he should ask God, who gives to all generously and without reprimand, and it will be given to him. 6 But he must ask in faith without doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed around by the wind. 7 For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord, 8 since he is a double-minded individual, unstable in all his ways.

 Notes and References

"... The syntax structure of this unit shows that there is one main clause and two supporting ideas in James and the word 'faith' is used in the clause. McCartney argues that the phrase in this colon should be understood as 'a trust in the character and promises of God'; he also says that this faith is related to total commitment to God. Similarly, Davids argues that the background of this command is related to some individuals who distrust God. Both McCartney and Davids recognize that the wisdom tradition could have influenced James in this issue; Davids, for example, shows that Sirach 33:1-3 uses a similar metaphor (that is, one who is unfaithful is like a boat in the midst of a storm). Nonetheless, why is the issue regarding the doubter discussed here? The theme of 'the doubter or the double minded' in James 1 functions as a ground; in fact, the author of LOJ uses a double ground here to emphasize that this issue is substantial. McCartney is probably correct when he accentuates that 'James speaks so harshly of the doubter precisely because faith is so important. Faith is the grounding that prevents one from being tossed around like a sea billow and without faith, one's life is chaotic, without direction or moral compass.' In this literary context, 'faith' should be understood as the opposite condition of the doubter ..."

Gunawan, Chandra The Concept of Faith in the Letter of James: A Discourse Analysis on James 1-2 (pp. 1-34) Verbum Christi: Jurnal Teologi Reformed Injili, 2017

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