4 A sensible daughter obtains a husband of her own, but one who acts shamefully is a grief to her father. 5 An impudent daughter disgraces father and husband, and is despised by both. 6 Like music in time of mourning is ill-timed conversation, but a thrashing and discipline are at all times wisdom. 9 Whoever teaches a fool is like one who glues potsherds together, or who rouses a sleeper from deep slumber. 10 Whoever tells a story to a fool tells it to a drowsy man; and at the end he will say, "What is it?"
As, therefore in addition to persuasive discourse, there is the hortatory and the consolatory form; so also, in addition to the laudatory, there is the inculpatory and reproachful. And this latter constitutes the art of censure. Now censure is a mark of good-will, not of ill-will. For both he who is a friend and he who is not, reproach; but the enemy does so in scorn, the friend in kindness. It is not, then, from hatred that the Lord chides men; for He Himself suffered for us, whom He might have destroyed for our faults. For the Instructor also, in virtue of His being good, with consummate art glides into censure by rebuke; rousing the sluggishness of the mind by His sharp words as by a scourge. Again in turn He endeavours to exhort the same persons. For those who are not induced by praise are spurred on by censure; and those whom censure calls not forth to salvation being as dead, are by denunciation roused to the truth. For the stripes and correction of wisdom are in all time. For teaching a fool is gluing a potsherd; and sharpening to sense a hopeless blockhead is bringing earth to sensation. Wherefore He adds plainly, rousing the sleeper from deep sleep, which of all things else is likest death.