Sirach 10:1

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

1 A wise magistrate educates his people, and the rule of an intelligent person is well ordered. 2 As the people's judge is, so are his officials; as the ruler of the city is, so are all its inhabitants. 3 An undisciplined king ruins his people, but a city becomes fit to live in through the understanding of its rulers. 4 The government of the earth is in the hand of the Lord, and over it he will raise up the right leader for the time. 5 Human success is in the hand of the Lord, and it is he who confers honor upon the lawgiver.

Wisdom of Solomon 6:24


22 I will tell you what wisdom is and how she came to be, and I will hide no secrets from you, but I will trace her course from the beginning of creation, and make knowledge of her clear, and I will not pass by the truth; 23 nor will I travel in the company of sickly envy, for envy does not associate with wisdom. 24 The multitude of the wise is the salvation of the world, and a sensible king is the stability of any people. 25 Therefore be instructed by my words, and you will profit.

 Notes and References

"... In Sirach, since governance of the world and of humanity is ascribed to God, it is thought that this is a direct substitution for the rulership by Hellenistic kings. However, the first thing to note in these verses is the attention to the universal nature of divine rule. Solomon himself is said to have surpassed all other kings on the earth (1 Kings 10:23–24; compare 5:14), and we see in other texts attention to rulers over the earth. This reflects a theme that is to be found in Psalm 2 as a criticism of earthly monarchs as rulers of the earth. It is a phrase that is picked up in 1 Maccabees as a portrayal of the Hellenistic kingdoms: “He fought many battles, conquered strongholds, and put to death the kings of the earth. He advanced to the ends of the earth, and plundered many nations” (1 Maccabees 1:2–3). Later, in the Wisdom of Solomon (1:1; 6) it is a neutral and broadly applied term to all rulers, although it may have its basis in the language of Psalm 2:2. It is God who has rulership of the world according to Sirach, but it is explicitly stated that he appoints individuals to govern under him (10:4) ..."

Aitken, James K. "Sirach and Imperial History: A Reassessment" in Adams, Samuel L., Matthew J. Goff (ed.) Sirach and Its Contexts: The Pursuit of Wisdom and Human Flourishing (pp. 184-210) Brill, 2021

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