Romans 13:1

New Testament

1 Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except by God’s appointment, and the authorities that exist have been instituted by God. 2 So the person who resists such authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will incur judgment 3 (for rulers cause no fear for good conduct but for bad). Do you desire not to fear authority? Do good and you will receive its commendation 4 because it is God’s servant for your well-being. But be afraid if you do wrong because government does not bear the sword for nothing. It is God’s servant to administer punishment on the person who does wrong. 5 Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of the wrath of the authorities but also because of your conscience.

1 Peter 2:13

New Testament

13 Be subject to every human institution for the Lord’s sake, whether to a king as supreme 14 or to governors as those he commissions to punish wrongdoers and praise those who do good. 15 For God wants you to silence the ignorance of foolish people by doing good. 16 Live as free people, not using your freedom as a pretext for evil, but as God’s slaves. 17 Honor all people, love the family of believers, fear God, honor the king.

 Notes and References

"... The Pauline theme of obedient and respectful submission by Christians to governmental authorities was soon echoed in the admonition found in 1 Peter 2: 13-17. In fact, Cullmann has described the Petrine passage as 'the first exegesis' of Romans 13: 1-7 ..."

Wood, James E. The Dialectic of Romans 13:1-7 and Revelation 13: Part One (p. 434) Journal of Church and State Vol. 18, No. 3, 1976

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