Revelation 19:11

New Testament

7 Now the locusts looked like horses equipped for battle. On their heads were something like crowns similar to gold, and their faces looked like men’s faces. 8 They had hair like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. 9 They had breastplates like iron breastplates, and the sound of their wings was like the noise of many horse-drawn chariots charging into battle. 10 They have tails and stingers like scorpions, and their ability to injure people for five months is in their tails. 11 They have as king over them the angel of the abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon. 12 The first woe has passed, but two woes are still coming after these things!

Eruvin 19a

Babylonian Talmud

Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: Gehenna has seven names, and they are as follows: She’ol, Avadon, Be’er Shaḥat, Bor Shaon, Tit HaYaven, Tzalmavet, and Eretz HaTaḥtit. She’ol, as it is written: “Out of the belly of the netherworld [she’ol] I cried and You did hear my voice” (Jonah 2:3). Avadon, as it is written: “Shall Your steadfast love be reported in the grave or Your faithfulness in destruction [avadon]?” (Psalms 88:12). Be’er Shaḥat, as it is written: “For You will not abandon my soul to the netherworld; nor will You suffer Your pious one to see the pit [shaḥat]” (Psalms 16:10). And Bor Shaon and Tit HaYaven, as it is written: “He brought me up also out of the gruesome pit [bor shaon], out of the miry clay [tit hayaven]” (Psalms 40:3). And Tzalmavet, as it is written: “Such as sat in darkness and in the shadow of death [tzalmavet], bound in affliction and iron” (Psalms 107:10). And with regard to Eretz Taḥtit, i.e., the underworld, it is known by tradition that this is its name.

 Notes and References

"... The curse of the nozerim and minim is dire, employing the verb that the Bible commonly uses to describes the punitive death of humans who are evil, enemies, sinners, etc. This verbal root '-b-d is usually translated as 'being lost.' However, its most common meaning in biblical Hebrew is 'to perish' or 'to die;' often as punishment for sin. However, the rabbinic understanding of this verb preserves some ambiguity. After Judaism develops concepts of an afterlife, does this 'perish' simply imply loss of life on earth, or are there consequences after death and eschatologically as well, like the lack of 'hope' for apostates? Though the midrashic traditions do not comment on all of the many instances where being "lost" means "death;' nor are they unanimous where they do comment, and some do give this reading. For example, b. Eruvin 19a includes 'abbadon' among the names for Gehenna. Numbers 16:23 describes the earth's swallowing up the rebellious Korah and his followers, concluding: 'and they were lost/perished from among the congregation.' A tannaitic tradition preserves a debate in which Rabbi Akiva answers that this means that they were also lost from the world to come ..."

Langer, Ruth Cursing the Christians? A History of the Birkat HaMinim (p. 60) Oxford University Press, 2012

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