Revelation 19:7

New Testament

6 Then I heard what sounded like the voice of a vast throng, like the roar of many waters and like loud crashes of thunder. They were shouting: “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the All-Powerful, reigns! 7 Let us rejoice and exult and give him glory, because the wedding celebration of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready. 8 She was permitted to be dressed in bright, clean, fine linen” (for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints). 9 Then the angel said to me, “Write the following: Blessed are those who are invited to the banquet at the wedding celebration of the Lamb!” He also said to me, “These are the true words of God.” 10 So I threw myself down at his feet to worship him, but he said, “Do not do this! I am only a fellow servant with you and your brothers and sisters who hold to the testimony about Jesus. Worship God, for the testimony about Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”

Mishnah Taanit 4:8


Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel said: There were no days as joyous for the Jewish people as the fifteenth of Av and as Yom Kippur, as on them the daughters of Jerusalem would go out in white clothes, which each woman borrowed from another. Why were they borrowed? They did this so as not to embarrass one who did not have her own white garments. All the garments that the women borrowed require immersion, as those who previously wore them might have been ritually impure. And the daughters of Jerusalem would go out and dance in the vineyards. And what would they say? Young man, please lift up your eyes and see what you choose for yourself for a wife. Do not set your eyes toward beauty, but set your eyes toward a good family, as the verse states: “Grace is deceitful and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the Lord, she shall be praised” (Proverbs 31:30), and it further says: “Give her the fruit of her hands, and let her works praise her in the gates” (Proverbs 31:31). And similarly, it says in another verse: “Go forth, daughters of Zion, and gaze upon King Solomon, upon the crown with which his mother crowned him on the day of his wedding, and on the day of the gladness of his heart” (Song of Songs 3:11). This verse is explained as an allusion to special days: “On the day of his wedding”; this is the giving of the Torah through the second set of tablets on Yom Kippur. The name King Solomon in this context, which also means king of peace, is interpreted as a reference to God. “And on the day of the gladness of his heart”; this is the building of the Temple, may it be rebuilt speedily in our days.

 Notes and References

"... The Book of Revelation grants us a vision of the consummation of the eschatological marriage between Christ, 'the Lamb', and his bride, the 'New Jerusalem' (Revelation 19:7, 9; 21:2, 9; 22:17). With John's vision taking place before the throne of God in the heavenly Temple, the book is replete with Temple imagery, though at its conclusion even the heavenly Temple disappears, rendered obsolete by the unmediated presence of God and of the Lamb (Rev 21: 22). The identification of the wedding feast of the Lamb with the definitive dwelling of God among men (21:3) reveals a significant link between nuptial and Temple symbolism. Nuptial imagery runs through the whole book through a number of allusions, including the 'crown of life' as bridal wreath (2:10; 3:11), the 144,000 as virginal bride (14:4-5), the absence of the voice of the bridegroom and bride in fallen Babylon (18:23), the wedding of the Lamb (19:6-9), Jerusalem as celestial bride (21:2, 9), and the summons of the bride (22:17). Scholars have also suggested a possible influence of the Song of Songs in Jesus knocking at the door (Rev 3:20; compare Song of Songs 5:2) and in the woman 'clothed with the sun' who is mother of the Church (Rev 12:1; compare Song of Songs 6:10) ..."

Villeneuve, André Nuptial Symbolism in Second Temple Writings, the New Testament and Rabbinic Literature (pp. 1-25) Brill, 2016

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