Pseudo Jonathan Numbers 21:5
And they journeyed from Mount Umanom, by the way of the Sea of Suph, that they might compass the land of Edom; and the soul of the people was wearied in the way. And the people thought (wickedly) in their heart, and talked against the Word of the Lord, and contended with Mosheh, saying: Why didst thou bring us up from Mizraim to die in the wilderness; for there is neither bread nor water, and our soul is weary of manna, this light food? And the bath-kol fell from the high heaven, and thus spake: Come, all men, and see all the benefits which I have done to the people whom I brought up free out of Mizraim. I made manna come down for them from heaven, yet now turn they and murmur against Me.
1 Corinthians 10:9
6 These things happened as examples for us, so that we will not crave evil things as they did. 7 So do not be idolaters, as some of them were. As it is written, “The people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play.” 8 And let us not be immoral, as some of them were, and 23,000 died in a single day. 9 And let us not put Christ to the test, as some of them did, and were destroyed by snakes. 10 And do not complain, as some of them did, and were killed by the destroying angel. 11 These things happened to them as examples and were written for our instruction, on whom the ends of the ages have come.
Notes and References
"... Recall that in Targum Pseudo-Jonathan and Neofiti Numbers 21:5, 'the people spoke against the Word of the Lord' and complained against Moses. The fragmentary Targums of Numbers 21:6 say that 'the divine Word' let loose poisonous serpents. Targum Neofiti Numbers 21:7 describes the people confessing to Moses that 'we have spoken against the name of the Word of the Lord and against you;' Targum Neofiti Numbers 21:8 says that 'the Word of the Lord' told Moses to make a bronze serpent. In Targum Pseudo-Jonathan vv. 8-9, the one who is bitten by a snake lives, 'if his heart is directed toward the name of the Word of the Lord' ..."
Ronning, John L. The Jewish Targums and John's Logos Theology (pp. 244-246) Baker Academic, 2017
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